Better embeddings for Planar Earth-Mover Distance over sparse sets
Better embeddings for Planar EMD over sparse sets
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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We consider the problem of constructing low-distortion embeddings of the Planar Earth-Mover Distance (EMD) into lp spaces. EMD is a popular measure of dissimilarity between sets of points, e.g., bags of geometric features. We present a collection of embeddings with the property that their distortion and/or host-space dimension are parametrized by the size (or the sparsity) of the embedded sets s. Our specific results include: -- An O(log s)-distortion embedding of EMD over s-subsets into l1-e. This is the first embedding of EMD into a "tractable" lp, space whose distortion is a function of the sparsity, not the size of the ambient space; -- An O(log n)-distortion embedding of EMD into lp, with dimension O(s2 log2 n), where the embedded sets are subsets of an n x n grid. For low values of s this significantly improves over the best previous dimension bound of 0(n 2 ) obtained for general sets.
Thesis: S.M., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2014.11Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 43-44).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.