Clinically relevant magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopic imaging development
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Nuclear Engineering.
Robert V. Mulkern and David G. Cory.
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As one result of this thesis, a single slab 3D fast spin echo imaging (3DFSE) method has been implemented and optimized. This involved sequence design and implementation, SAR considerations, parameter adjustments and clinical testing. The method can deliver 3D Tl or T2 weighted brain image with isotropic Imm3 voxel resolution in approximately 10 minutes. The ability to obtain high spatial resolution in reasonable time periods has wide clinical applications such as improvement of treatment planning protocols for brain tumor patients, precise radiotherapy planning, and tissue segmentation for following the progression of diseases like multiple sclerosis. The other part of this thesis is devoted to developing and implementing spectroscopic imaging methods, which include 20 chemical shift imaging(2DCSI) methods, 20 line scan spectroscopic imaging(2D LSSI) methods, spin echo planar spectroscopic imaging(SEPSI) methods and ~ingle shot line scan spin echo planar spectroscopic imaging(SSLSEPSI) method. The former two methods are applied to oil phantoms and bone marrow studies. The SEPSI method can provide simultaneous spectroscopic measurements, R2 and R2' images and field distribution images. A time domain spectral analysis method, LP-HSVD was implemented and applied to spectroscopic imaging studies. The SEPSI method was applied to get lipid characterization of bone marrow as well as to get the R2 and R2' brain images. The SSLSEPSI method can provide instant line spectroscopic imaging which might be useful to image moving objects and can provide high temporal resolution for dynamic studies. With further development, both SEPSI and SSLSEPSI methods may prove useful for trabecular bone studies as well as functional magnetic resonance imaging( tMRI) studies.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, 1999.Includes bibliographical references (p. 129-137).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Nuclear Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology