Design and application of compliant quasi-kinematic couplings
Author(s)Culpepper, Martin L. (Martin Luther)
Compliant quasi-kinematic couplings
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Alexander H. Slocum.
MetadataShow full item record
Better precision at lower costs is a major force in design and manufacturing. However, this is becoming increasingly difficult to achieve as the demands of many location applications are surpassing the practical performance limit (~ five microns) of low-cost couplings. The absence of a means to meet these requirement has motivated the development of the Quasi-Kinematic Coupling (QKC). This thesis covers the theoretical and practical considerations needed to model and design QKCs. In a QKC, one component is equipped with three spherical protrusions while the other contains three corresponding conical grooves. Whereas Kinematic Couplings rely on six points of contact, the six arcs of contact between the mated protrusions and grooves of QKCs result in a weakly over-constrained coupling, thus the name Quasi-Kinematic. QKCs are capable of sub-micron repeatability, permit sealing contact as needed in casting, and can be economically mass produced. The design and application of a QKC is demonstrated via a case study on the location of two engine components. Integration of the QKC has improved coupling precision from 5 to 0.7 microns. In addition, this QKC uses 60% fewer precision features, 60% fewer pieces, costs 40% less per engine, and allows feature placement tolerances which are twice as wide as those of the previous dowel-pin-type coupling.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2000.Includes bibliographical references (p. 113-116).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology