Realization of Bose-Einstein condensation with Lithium-7 atoms
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics.
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This thesis presents our work on developing and improving the techniques of trapping and cooling an ultra-cold cloud of Lithium-7 atoms and the realization of the Bose- Einstein condensate as a first step to study quantum magnetism in optical lattice. The techniques used in this experiment include Zeeman slowing, magneto-optical trapping (MOT), gray molasses, static magnetic trapping, evaporative cooling, optical dipole trapping (ODT), etc. The apparatus has the capability of creating a Bose-Einstein condensate with almost 106 atoms in 10 seconds as well as tuning the interaction between atoms in a BEC using the Feshbach resonance with a magnetic bias field of up to ~~ 1000G.
Thesis: S.B., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, 2014.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (page 49).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology