Asteroseismic Study of the Subgiant HD 82074
Author(s)Villar, Victoria Ashley
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics.
John A. Johnson and Joshua N. Winn.
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This thesis analyzes HD 82074, a solar-mass and low-metallicity subgiant star, using ground-based asteroseismology with the CHIRON spectrometer at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) and interferometry with the CHARA array on Mt. Wilson. The physical parameters of subgiant stars are of particular interest in the exoplanetary field due to their importance in understanding the relationships between planet occurrence rate and stellar properties such as age, metallicity and mass. Potential systematic uncertainties in the canonical stellar models make it especially important to independently determine the masses and radii of these stars. We determine HD 82074's radius using interferometry from CHARA, and we combine this result with measurements of the spacing and frequencies of the asteroseismic oscillations of HD 82074 to determine a stellar mass. We find that the star has a radius of 3.96 0.12 solar radii and a mass of 1.20 0.11 solar masses. While the radius is in excellent agreement with predictions from spectral analysis, the mass is 2.9-o- greater than the predicted mass. This suggests that errors of stellar models may be underestimated for low-metollicity or evolved stars. This study makes HD 82074 the third subgiant for which a physical radius is confirmed interferometrically and one of ten asteroseismically studied subgiants.
Thesis: S.B., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, 2014.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 69-73).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology