Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMarks, David H.
dc.contributor.authorSpang, E. S.
dc.contributor.authorMoomaw, W. R.
dc.contributor.authorGallagher, K. S.
dc.contributor.authorKirshen, P. H.
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-12T17:20:14Z
dc.date.available2015-01-12T17:20:14Z
dc.date.issued2014-10
dc.date.submitted2014-06
dc.identifier.issn1748-9326
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/92791
dc.description.abstractProducing energy resources requires significant quantities of fresh water. As an energy sector changes or expands, the mix of technologies deployed to produce fuels and electricity determines the associated burden on regional water resources. Many reports have identified the water consumption of various energy production technologies. This paper synthesizes and expands upon this previous work by exploring the geographic distribution of water use by national energy portfolios. By defining and calculating an indicator to compare the water consumption of energy production for over 150 countries, we estimate that approximately 52 billion cubic meters of fresh water is consumed annually for global energy production. Further, in consolidating the data, it became clear that both the quality of the data and global reporting standards should be improved to track this important variable at the global scale. By introducing a consistent indicator to empirically assess coupled water–energy systems, it is hoped that this research will provide greater visibility into the magnitude of water use for energy production at the national and global scales.en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/9/10/105002en_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attributionen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/en_US
dc.sourceIOP Publishingen_US
dc.titleThe water consumption of energy production: an international comparisonen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.citationSpang, E S, W R Moomaw, K S Gallagher, P H Kirshen, and D H Marks. “The Water Consumption of Energy Production: An International Comparison.” Environmental Research Letters 9, no. 10 (October 1, 2014): 105002.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Divisionen_US
dc.contributor.mitauthorMarks, David H.en_US
dc.relation.journalEnvironmental Research Lettersen_US
dc.eprint.versionFinal published versionen_US
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticleen_US
eprint.statushttp://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerRevieweden_US
dspace.orderedauthorsSpang, E S; Moomaw, W R; Gallagher, K S; Kirshen, P H; Marks, D Hen_US
dc.identifier.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2038-0971
mit.licensePUBLISHER_CCen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record