Decay of correlations and inference in graphical models
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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We study the decay of correlations property in graphical models and its implications on efficient algorithms for inference in these models. We consider three specific problems: 1) The List Coloring problem on graphs, [upper case letter g in italic] The MAX-CUT problem on graphs with random edge deletions, and 3) Low Rank Matrix Completion from an incomplete subset of its entries. For each problem, we analyze the conditions under which either spatial or temporal decay of correlations exists and provide approximate inference algorithms in the presence of these conditions. In the course of our study of 2), we also investigate the problem of existence of a giant component in random multipartite graphs with a given degree sequence. The list coloring problem on a graph g is a generalization of the classical graph coloring problem where each vertex is provided with a list of colors. We prove the Strong Spatial Mixing (SSM) property for this model, for arbitrary bounded degree triangle-free graphs. Our results hold for any [alpha] > [alpha]* whenever the size of the list of each vertex v is at least [alpha][delta](v) + [beta] where [delta](v) is the degree of vertex v and [beta] is a constant that only depends on [alpha]. The result is obtained by proving the decay of correlations of marginal probabilities associated with the vertices of the graph measured using a suitably chosen error function. The SSM property allows us to efficiently compute approximate marginal probabilities and approximate log partition function in this model. Finding a cut of maximum size in a graph is a well-known canonical NP-hard problem in algorithmic complexity theory. We consider a version of random weighted MAX-CUT on graphs with bounded degree d, which we refer to as the thinned MAX-CUT problem, where the weights assigned to the edges are i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables with mean p. We show that thinned MAX-CUT undergoes a computational hardness phase transition at [mathematical formula inserted]: the thinned MAX-CUT problem is efficiently solvable when p < pc and is NP-hard when p > pc. We show that the computational hardness is closely related to the presence of large connected components in the underlying graph. We consider the problem of reconstructing a low rank matrix M from a subset of its entries Mo. We describe three algorithms, Information Propagation (IP), a sequential decoding algorithm, and two iterative decentralized algorithms named the Vertex Least Squares (VLS), which is same as Alternating Minimization and Edge Least Squares (ELS), which is a message-passing variation of VLS. We provide sufficient conditions on the structure of the revelation graph for IP to succeed and show that when M has rank r = 0(1), this property is satisfied by Erdos-Renyi graphs with edge probability [omega] [mathematical formula inserted]. For VLS, we provide sufficient conditions in the special case of positive rank one matrices. For ELS, we provide simulation results which shows that it performs better than VLS both in terms of convergence speed and sample complexity.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2014.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 147-152).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.