Frameshift Mutagenesis and Microsatellite Instability Induced by Human Alkyladenine DNA Glycosylase
Author(s)Klapacz, Joanna; Lingaraju, Gondichatnahalli M.; Guo, Haiwei H.; Shah, Dharini; Moar-Shoshani, Ayelet; Loeb, Lawrence A.; Samson, Leona D.; ... Show more Show less
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Human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase (hAAG) excises alkylated purines, hypoxanthine, and etheno bases from DNA to form abasic (AP) sites. Surprisingly, elevated expression of hAAG increases spontaneous frameshift mutagenesis. By random mutagenesis of eight active site residues, we isolated hAAG-Y127I/H136L double mutant that induces even higher rates of frameshift mutation than does the wild-type hAAG; the Y127I mutation accounts for the majority of the hAAG-Y127I/H136L-induced mutator phenotype. The hAAG-Y127I/H136L and hAAG-Y127I mutants increased the rate of spontaneous frameshifts by up to 120-fold in S. cerevisiae and also induced high rates of microsatellite instability (MSI) in human cells. hAAG and its mutants bind DNA containing one and two base-pair loops with significant affinity, thus shielding them from mismatch repair; the strength of such binding correlates with their ability to induce the mutator phenotype. This study provides important insights into the mechanism of hAAG-induced genomic instability.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Environmental Health Sciences; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biology
Klapacz, Joanna, Gondichatnahalli M. Lingaraju, Haiwei H. Guo, Dharini Shah, Ayelet Moar-Shoshani, Lawrence A. Loeb, and Leona D. Samson. “Frameshift Mutagenesis and Microsatellite Instability Induced by Human Alkyladenine DNA Glycosylase.” Molecular Cell 37, no. 6 (March 2010): 843–853. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
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