Now showing items 158-177 of 273

    • Making Infrastructure Procurement Processes more Flexible under Uncertainty 

      Sakhrani, Vivek; Jordan, Luke; de Neufville, Richard (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2013-05)
      A third to a half of development projects undergo restructuring due to changes in project objectives, scope or other unanticipated changes, therefore requiring schedule extensions, budget additions and rework. Current ...
    • Management of Technology Investment Risk with Real Options-Based Design: A case study of an innovative building technology 

      Greden, Lara; de Neufville, Richard; Glicksman, Leon R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2005-06)
      Implementation of innovative technologies is hindered by the perceived risks of technical failure or increased first cost. However, by designing a system to include real options within its architecture and by recognizing ...
    • Managing Complexity with the Department of Defense Architecture Framework: Development of a Dynamic System Architecture Model 

      Richards, Matthew G.; Shah, Nirav B.; Hastings, Daniel E.; Rhodes, Donna H. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-02)
      Architecture frameworks are tools for managing system complexity by structuring data in a common language and format. By characterizing the form, function, and rules governing systems, architecture frameworks serve as a ...
    • Managing Shared Access to a Spectrum Commons 

      Lehr, William Herndon; Crowcroft, Jon (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2006-02)
      The open access, unlicensed or spectrum commons approach to managing shared access to RF spectrum offers many attractive benefits, especially when implemented in conjunction with and as a complement to a regime of marketbased, ...
    • Managing the Global knowledge-creation Network: A Sense Making Perspective 

      Mohrman, Susan Albers; Klein, Janice A.; Finegold, David (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2001-08)
      We have entered the era of the knowledge economy, a period when knowledge has replaced natural resources and capital as the most important economic resource. Increasingly, corporations are reaching out globally to secure ...
    • Market-based valuation of transmission network expansion. A heuristic application in GB 

      Chamorro, Jose M.; Abadie, Luis M.; de Neufville, Richard; Ilic, Marija (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2011-12)
      Transmission investments are currently needed to meet an increasing electricity demand, to address security of supply concerns, and to reach carbon emissions targets. A key issue when assessing the benefits from an expanded ...
    • Measuring and Understanding Hierarchy asMeasuring and Understanding Hierarchy as an Architectural Element in Industry Sectors an Architectural Element in Industry Sectors 

      Luo, Jianxi; Whitney, Daniel E.; Baldwin, Carliss Y.; Magee, Christopher L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2009-06)
      Hierarchy is a generic structure in which levels are asymmetrically ordered. In an industry setting, classic supply chains display strict hierarchy, whereas clusters of firms have linkages going in many different directions. ...
    • Measuring Broadband’s Economic Impact 

      Lehr, William Herndon; Osorio, Carlos; Gillett, Sharon E.; Sirbu, Marvin A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2006-02)
      Does broadband matter to the economy? Numerous studies have focused on whether there is a digital divide, on regulatory impacts and investment incentives, and on the factors influencing where broadband is available. However, ...
    • Measuring Data Believability: A Provenance Approach 

      Pratt, Nicolas; Madnick, Stuart E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2008-01)
      Data quality is crucial for operational efficiency and sound decision making. This paper focuses on believability, a major aspect of quality, measured along three dimensions: trustworthiness, reasonableness, and temporality. ...
    • Measuring Systems Engineering Success: Insights from Baseball 

      Blackburn, Craig; Valerdi, Ricardo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-11)
      Optimizing the efficiency of socio-technical systems and determining accurate measurements of performance is a critical issue in many systems engineering enterprises. In our analysis we explore some of the recurring themes ...
    • Megacities and High Speed Rail systems: which comes first? 

      Pagliara, Francesca; de Abreu e Silva, Joao; Sussman, Joseph M.; Stein, Naomi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2012-03)
      A megacity is usually defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. The number of megacities is increasing worldwide. In most agglomerations and megacities, urban planning and public ...
    • A Methodology for the Identification of Critical Locations in Infrastructures 

      Lemon, Douglas M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2004-06)
      The extreme importance of critical infrastructures to modern society is widely recognized. These infrastructures are complex, interdependent, and ubiquitous; they are sensitive to disruptions that can lead to cascading ...
    • Metrics Pilot Project for Military Avionics Sustainment: Experimental Design and Implementation Plan 

      Bozdogan, Kirkor; Brandt, Benjamin M.; Sussman, Joseph M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2003-06)
      This working paper outlines the design of an experiment, employing a pilot project, for identifying and validating new metrics for managing the US Air Force military avionics sustainment system. The paper also presents a ...
    • Model-Based Analysis of Socio-Technical Risk 

      Leveson, Nancy G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2004-12)
      Traditional approaches to hazard analysis and safety-related risk management are based on an accident model that focuses on failure events in static engineering designs and linear notions of causality. They are therefore ...
    • Modeling the Cost of International Trade in Global Supply Chains 

      Blanco, Edgar E.; Ponce Cueto, Eva Maria (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2015-03)
      In a global economy, international trade plays an important role of the economic development. This is especially relevant in emerging markets, where trade could contribute significantly to the economic growth of the country. ...
    • Multi-Airport Systems in the Era of No-Frills Airlines 

      de Neufville, Richard (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2005-06)
      The development of no-frills airlines is promoting a remarkable expansion in the number of secondary airports in major metropolitan areas. These new carriers are creating a significant alternative to the traditional ...
    • Multichannel Distribution Strategies in Latin America 

      Blanco, Edgar E.; Garza, Jaime (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2012-06)
      The process of designing and selecting distribution channels is challenging and it demands an in-depth understanding of the market. Leading firms competing in Latin America are exploring creative ways to effectively reach ...
    • Nano-technology: a Disruptive Technology? 

      Utterback, James M.; Acee, Happy J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2002-05)
      The term "disruptive technology" as coined by Christensen (1997) refers to a new technology having lower cost and performance measured by traditional criteria, but having higher ancillary performance. Christensen finds ...
    • NEC FUTURE Preliminary Alternatives Report: Public Comment 

      Sussman, Joseph M.; Archila, Andres F.; Carlson, S. Joel; Pena-Alcaraz, Maite; Soshi, Kawakami; e.a. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2013-06)
      The United States Department of Transportation's Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is currently in the early stages of a planning process to define a 30-year passenger rail investment plan for the Northeast Corridor ...
    • NEC FUTURE Tier I Scoping Process: Public Comment 

      Sussman, Joseph M.; Archila, Andres F.; Carlson, S. Joel; Pena-Alcaraz, Maite; Stein, Naomi; e.a. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2012-10)
      Utilizing its special expertise, the Regional Transportation Planning and High Speed Rail Research Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) sought to provide input via public comment to the NEC FUTURE Tier ...