Now showing items 175-194 of 273

    • Nano-technology: a Disruptive Technology? 

      Utterback, James M.; Acee, Happy J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2002-05)
      The term "disruptive technology" as coined by Christensen (1997) refers to a new technology having lower cost and performance measured by traditional criteria, but having higher ancillary performance. Christensen finds ...
    • NEC FUTURE Preliminary Alternatives Report: Public Comment 

      Sussman, Joseph M.; Archila, Andres F.; Carlson, S. Joel; Pena-Alcaraz, Maite; Soshi, Kawakami; e.a. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2013-06)
      The United States Department of Transportation's Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is currently in the early stages of a planning process to define a 30-year passenger rail investment plan for the Northeast Corridor ...
    • NEC FUTURE Tier I Scoping Process: Public Comment 

      Sussman, Joseph M.; Archila, Andres F.; Carlson, S. Joel; Pena-Alcaraz, Maite; Stein, Naomi; e.a. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2012-10)
      Utilizing its special expertise, the Regional Transportation Planning and High Speed Rail Research Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) sought to provide input via public comment to the NEC FUTURE Tier ...
    • Needs and Possibilities for Engineering Education: One Industrial/Academic Perspective 

      Magee, Christopher L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2003-06)
      This paper reports a personal assessment of the readiness of new B.S. level engineering graduates to practice engineering immediately upon graduation. This assessment when reinforced by significant prior work motivates a ...
    • A New Accident Model for Engineering Safer Systems 

      Leveson, Nancy G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2002-05)
      New technology is making fundamental changes in the etiology of accidents and is creating a need for changes in the explanatory mechanisms used. We need better and less subjective understanding of why accidents occur and ...
    • A New Framework to Assess Regional and Urban Impacts of Transport Infrastructure: The Case of High-Speed Rail in Portugal 

      Chen, Guineng; Shen, Yu; Martinez, Luis Miguel; de Abreu e Silva, Joao (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2012-03)
      This paper presents a comprehensive framework for modeling the impacts of large-scale transport infrastructure which have the potential to fundamentally alter the spatial interaction properties of regions, producing ...
    • A New Model Of Cascades On Random Networks With A Threshold Rule Fundamentals 

      Whitney, Daniel E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2009-10)
      Percolation or cascades on random networks are typically analyzed using generating functions. This approach requires that the network be assumed infinite and weakly connected. These assumptions are not obeyed by real or ...
    • A Novel Engineering Systems Approach for Bioengineering Education: the MIT-Portugal Collaboration 

      Tan, Junjay; Newman, Dava; Cabral, Joaquim M. S.; Mota, Manuel; Nunes da Ponte, Manuel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-06)
      This paper discusses the importance of an engineering systems approach to international bioengineering education and how a new educational research program, the MIT-Portugal Program Bioengineering Systems focus area, aims ...
    • Offshoring: The Transition From Economic Drivers Toward Strategic Global Partnership and 24-Hour Knowledge Factory 

      Gupta, Amar; Seshasai, Satwik; Mukherji, Sourav; Ganguly, Auroop (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2006-11)
      The concept of offshoring of professional services first gained attention slightly over 25 years ago. At that time, US companies began to realize the cost-advantage of getting their computer software developed in India and ...
    • Optimal Selection of Sample Weeks for Approximating the Net Load in Generation Planning Problems 

      De Sisternes Jimenez, Fernando; Webster, Mort D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2013-01)
      The increasing presence of variable energy resources (VER) in power systems –most notably wind and solar power– demands tools capable of evaluating the flexibility needs to compensate for the resulting variability in the ...
    • Optimizing Long-Term Service Agreements for gas-fired units in the context of increasing penetration of intermittent generation 

      Leung, Tommy; Sanchez-Gonzalez, Miguel; Rodilla, Pablo; Batlle Lopez, Carlos (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2014-06)
      As power systems increasingly rely on gas-fired power plants (GFPP), and as thermal cycling requirements increase due to larger penetrations of intermittent generation, the long-term service agreements (LTSAs) that define ...
    • Order Stability in Supply Chains: Coordination Risk and the Role of Coordination Stock 

      Croson, Rachel; Donohue, Karen; Katok, Elena; Sterman, John (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2004-11)
      The bullwhip effect describes the tendency for the variance of orders in supply chains to increase as one moves upstream from consumer demand. Previous research attributes this phenomenon to both operational and behavioral ...
    • Pandemic Flu: Yes, We Can Do Something About It! 

      Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-08)
      The emergence of influenza with virulence comparable to the famous 1918-1919 “Spanish Flu” has the potential to kill hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Should we find ourselves being forced to ‘live with the flu,’ ...
    • Pathways to a Trusted Electronic Voting System 

      Connolly, Jeremiah; Levy, Romain; Lindsey, Johnathan; Maro, Judith; Martin, Juan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-01)
      In 2002, Congress passed the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) [1], largely in response to voting irregularities in the 2000 presidential election in Florida. Congress intended that HAVA resolve the lingering public confidence ...
    • Patterns of Product Development Interactions 

      Eppinger, Steven D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2002-05)
      Development of complex products and large systems is a highly interactive social process involving hundreds of people designing thousands of interrelated components and making millions of coupled decisions. Nevertheless, ...
    • Physical Limits to Modularity 

      Whitney, Daniel E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2002-05)
      Architecture, specifically the definition of modules and their interconnections, is a central concern of engineering systems theory. The freedom to choose modules is often taken for granted as an essential design decision. ...
    • Policy for the Protection and Reuse of Non-Copyrightable Database Contents 

      Zhu, Hongwei (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2006-02)
      With the increasing use of the Internet, many of us feel strongly about the free and unfettered exchange and use of information. But the actual situation is not that simple. After the European Union adopted the Database ...
    • Policy Issues in Implementing Smart Cards in Urban Public Transit Systems 

      Eguchi, Makoto; Fredholm, Susan; Liu, Shan; Ponce de Leon Barido, Paulina; Ye, Jacqueline (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-01)
      Many public transportation institutions have been discarding their magnetic strip payment cards or traditional cash-based fee collection systems in favor of automated fare collection systems with smart card technology. ...
    • A Portfolio Approach for Purchasing Systems: Impact of Switching Point 

      Hilmola, Olli-Pekka; Ma, Hongze; Datta, Shoumen Palit Austin (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2008-01)
      In operations management different ordering policies, such as, economic order quantity, lot for lot and periodic ordering, are used in various combinations without deeper considerations for the likely consequences on cash ...
    • The Portuguese High Speed Rail Network; Relating Financing to Strategic and Operating Issues 

      de Abreu e Silva, Joao; Silva, Duarte; Sussman, Joseph M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2011-01)
      This paper describes the implementation of the Portuguese High Speed Rail (HSR) Network. The business model developed by RAVE for the PPP’s related with the HSR infrastructure is described and discussed. Following a recently ...