Incoherent Scatter Measurements of F-Region Density, Temperatures, and Vertical Velocity at Millstone Hill
Author(s)Evans, J. V.; Julian, R. F.; Reid, W. A.
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The Millstone Hill Thomson (incoherent) scatter radar system has been operated routinely since 1963 to perform a synoptic study of F-region electron densities, and electron and ion temperatures. This report describes system changes made in 1968 which considerably increased the accuracy of the measurements and allowed their extension to higher altitudes. These changes have also made it impossible to measure the vertical velocity of the plasma over the altitude range 450 to 900 km to an accuracy on the order of 5 to 10 m/sec, depending upon altitude and time of day. Of even greater significance, complete machine reduction of the results is now possible so that considerable savings in time and effort have been secured in analyzing the data. The new system permits all the radar data to be gathered in the digital computer in real time, thereby eliminating the need for post real-time processing of magnetic-tape recordings of the signals. Furthermore, it is now possible to transmit the data to other workers in computer-usable form. This report describes the main functions of the computer program required to analyze the measurements, and lists the times of all measurements made with the new system prior to 1 January 1970. Examples of these results are presented and discussed.
Millstone Technical Reports;477