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dc.contributor.advisorGlenn Ellison.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJang, Youngjun, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Economics.en_US
dc.coverage.spatiala-ko---en_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-17T19:05:03Z
dc.date.available2015-09-17T19:05:03Z
dc.date.copyright2015en_US
dc.date.issued2015en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/98689
dc.descriptionThesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Economics, 2015.en_US
dc.descriptionTitle as it appears in MIT Commencement Exercises program, June 5, 2015: Essays on industrial organization Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe first chapter investigates the effects of technological advances on the retail gasoline market. Since 2008, a Korean government website has posted daily prices of all gasoline stations. Combined with the rapid increase of smartphone and mobile technologies, this price information service may have changed the consumer search environment significantly. Using daily price data, sales data, and regional smartphone penetration rates, I find that price dispersion among gasoline stations and markups increase slightly when the smartphone penetration rate increases, even while additional descriptive evidence suggests that demand is becoming more price-sensitive. Structural estimation of a two-type consumer search model finds that the proportion of highly informed consumers increases as the smartphone penetration rate increases. A counterfactual analysis confirms that observed price changes are consistent with theoretical models of pricing, given the structurally estimated parameters. The second chapter studies consumer decisions at gasoline pumps, using a detailed transaction level dataset. About 36% of regular gasoline consumers chose to simply fill up, while the remaining 64% of consumers spent pre-selected dollar amounts. Descriptive analyses show that consumers become more active in quantity choices at gasoline pumps, and less likely to simply fill up, when retail prices are on an upward trend and when the current price level is unexpectedly high. Reduced-form results suggest that consumers expect that gasoline prices tend to move to the average price over time. The third chapter analyzes the effects of ability grouping on the academic performance of high school graduating students in Korea. About half of the regions in Korea have adopted an equalization policy (EP), which means that students are randomly assigned. For the other non-EP regions, students are sorted among schools based on ability levels. I utilize a difference-in- differences strategy to exploit the adoption of the EP, an exogenous policy shift. I find that after the EP, performance of students above the median dropped 1.4% in terms of national percentiles, while that of students below the 30% percentile jumped 1.3%. In addition, there was an increasing trend in the achievement levels in the treatment regions, but after the introduction of the EP, this trend vanished.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Youngjun Jang.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1. The Chapter 2. Chapter 3. effect of the Internet and Mobile Search Technologies on Retail Markets : Evidence from the Korean Gasoline Market -- How Do Consumers React to Price Movements? : Evidence from Consumers Filling Up Their Cars -- Ability Grouping and Student Achievement : Effects of the Equalization Policy in Koreaen_US
dc.format.extent125 pagesen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsM.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582en_US
dc.subjectEconomics.en_US
dc.titleEssays in industrial organizationen_US
dc.title.alternativeEssays on industrial organizationen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Economics.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Economics
dc.identifier.oclc920687097en_US


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