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Combinations of policy measures with a high potential for reducing the fuel consumption of the U.S. light-duty vehicle fleet

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dc.contributor.advisor John B. Heywood. en_US Bandivadekar, Anup P en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Technology and Policy Program. en_US 2005-06-02T19:09:18Z 2005-06-02T19:09:18Z 2004 en_US 2004 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Engineering Systems Division, Technology and Policy Program, 2004. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 77-82). en_US
dc.description.abstract Fuel consumption of cars and light-duty trucks is one of the most vigorously debated issues in the U.S. While impressive gains have been made in terms of both fuel efficiency and individual vehicle fuel economy in the past two decades, the overall fuel consumption of the U.S. light-duty vehicle fleet continues to grow. Although concerns about the effect of emissions from the vehicles and a significant reliance on imported oil provide legitimate reasons for government action to manage fuel consumption, the economic and societal impacts of such intervention assume multiple dimensions. This research finds that there exists no silver bullet for reducing the fuel consumption of motor vehicles in the U.S. However, there are several different policy measures available to affect the production and purchase of more fuel efficient vehicles as well as reduce the amount of driving. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of individual of policy options reveals the potential for combination of policies. A fleet model helps understand the time delay between the introduction of new fuel efficient vehicles and the reduction in fuel consumption of the fleet. Analysis of political and institutional obstacles enables an evaluation of the feasibility of a comprehensive policy package. A reinforcing combination of different policies can increase the overall effectiveness of the proposed strategy. Such an approach aims at exploiting synergies between different measures, remove perverse incentives, and increase political acceptability of the overall strategy by spreading the impact and responsibility. An integrated policy package that combines fuel economy standards, fee and rebate scheme for vehicles, fuel taxes and increased renewable content in fuels en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) is evaluated as an example. Such a coordinated set of policy actions might result in reduction of 32% up to 50% in overall fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of the light-duty vehicles. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Anup P. Bandivadekar. en_US
dc.format.extent 82 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 4578772 bytes
dc.format.extent 4578577 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Technology and Policy Program. en_US
dc.title Combinations of policy measures with a high potential for reducing the fuel consumption of the U.S. light-duty vehicle fleet en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Technology and Policy Program. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 56727006 en_US

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