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The Nanogate : nanoscale flow control

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dc.contributor.advisor Alexander H. Slocum. en_US White, James R. (James Robert), 1976- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US 2006-03-24T16:09:10Z 2006-03-24T16:09:10Z 2003 en_US 2003 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2003. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 113-114). en_US
dc.description.abstract The handling of extremely small samples of gases and liquids has long been a subject of research among biologists, chemists and engineers. A few scientific instruments, notably the atomic force microscope and the surface forces apparatus, have been used extensively to investigate very short range molecular phenomena. In this thesis, the design, fabrication and characterization of a novel gas and liquid flow control device called the Nanogate is described. The Nanogate controls liquid flows under very high confinement, wherein the liquid film is, in one dimension, on the scale of nanometers, but is on the scale of hundreds of microns in its other dimensions. The film thickness can be controlled within two Angstroms. Control of helium gas flow rates in the 10-9 range, and sub-nl/s flow rates of water and methanol have been theoretically predicted and experimentally verified. However, these results do not reflect the ultimate limits of the current device, but rather the limitations of the test apparatus. It is predicted that control of flow rates two orders of magnitude smaller can ultimately be achieved. The Nanogate has been successfully produced using standard MEMS techniques. This parallel fabrication process lays the foundation for mass-produced scientific instruments based on the Nanogate. Applications in ultra-fine flow control, gas and liquid separations, and a broad range of experiments with highly confined liquid systems can now be envisioned. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by James R. White. en_US
dc.format.extent 128 p., [9] leaves of plates en_US
dc.format.extent 6217107 bytes
dc.format.extent 6216915 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.title The Nanogate : nanoscale flow control en_US
dc.title.alternative Nanoscale flow control en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 53369980 en_US

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