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Block copolymer photonic crystals

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dc.contributor.advisor Edwin L. Thomas. en_US Urbas, Augustine M. (Augustine Michael), 1974- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering. en_US 2006-03-24T18:08:22Z 2006-03-24T18:08:22Z 2003 en_US 2003 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2003. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 151-162). en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis explores the photonic properties of block copolymer systems. One dimensionally periodic dielectric stacks are fabricated with symmetric, lamellar forming, copolymer systems: diblock copolymers, solvent swollen BCP materials, and homopolymer swollen BCP blends. Each system exhibits reflectivity in visible spectrum. These materials are also investigated for their phononic band properties by Brillouin scattering. A copolymer forming the three dimensional double gyroid at optically relevant length scales and its reflective properties are presented as well. Experimental results document the initial observation of photonic optical properties related to the microstructure of a block copolymer. One dimensionally periodic, lamellar polymer block copolymer systems of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) are used to fabricate multilayered optical structures with a range of lamellar dimensions. The lamellar repeat of the copolymer morphology is shown to be adjustable by blending symmetric amounts of like homopolymers of lower molecular weight with the copolymer. The composition of the blends remains symmetric and the morphology is shown to remain lamellar. An isopleth of composition is examined and photonic crystals containing up to 60 wt % homopolymer exhibit wavelength selective reflectivity from the ordered morphology. The wavelength of reflectivity is correlated with the lamellar repeat spacing and morphology. The optical properties of solvent swollen ultrahigh molecular weight block copolymers are examined. The wavelength selective reflectivity is shown to correlate with the expected behavior of the phase segregated morphology. Deformation sensitive ordered gels are fabricated by using a non-volatile, alkyl phthalate plasticizer. The optical properties are shown to respond to the material strain. A simple demonstration of the visualization of the strain field of a deforming system is presented. In addition these gels are shown to exhibit phononic band gap behavior. The system is studied by Brillouin scattering and resonant phonons arising from the morphology are predicted and observed. Three dimensionally periodic photonic crystals formed of a double gyroid styrene- isoprene diblock copolymer are also documented. The copolymer material is considered as formed and also after a series of processing steps. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) Etching of the isoprene matrix is demonstrated yielding a free standing air-styrene double gyroid. This material is then used to replicate the matrix geometry in titania by infiltration with a sol-gel precursor and subsequent pyrolysis. The structure of the double gyroid material is examined via x-ray scattering and electron microscopy. The photonic band properties of the double gyroid structure for multiple constituent materials with a broad range of refractive indices are examined. Features in optical measurements resulting from the double gyroid structure are observed consistent with the 250nm cubic lattice parameter. A block copolymer photonic crystal platform is outlined and presented. Acousto-optic, phononic crystal properties are noted in these materials and applications are discussed. Strategies for creating a block copolymer based material with an absolute band gap ... en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Augustine M. Urbas. en_US
dc.format.extent 162 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 9708616 bytes
dc.format.extent 9708425 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Materials Science and Engineering. en_US
dc.title Block copolymer photonic crystals en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 54768839 en_US

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