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Wave-current interaction in water of finite depth

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dc.contributor.advisor Chiang C. Mei. en_US Huang, Zhenhua, 1967- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering. en_US 2006-03-24T18:14:56Z 2006-03-24T18:14:56Z 2004 en_US 2004 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D. in Environmental Fluid Mechanics)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2004. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 263-269). en_US
dc.description.abstract In this thesis, the nonlinear interaction of waves and current in water of finite depth is studied. Wind is not included. In the first part, a 2D theory for the wave effect on a turbulent current over rough or smooth bottom is presented. The logarithmic profile of the basic current is modified by the waves due to an effective mean shear stress on the free surface. Surface distortion of the eddy viscosity is shown to be important for the change of the mean velocity profile by waves. Both wave-following and wave-opposing current are studied. Comparisons are made with some existing laboratory experiments. In the second part, an instability theory is presented for the initiation of Langmuir cells due to waves interacting with a turbulent current maintained by tides or by an external pressure gradient. With an infinitesimal span-wise disturbance, the free surface experiences a new mean stress, which generates new vorticity to be diffused downward, and induces further growth. Various contributions to the unstable growth of Langmuir circulation are analyzed by examining the mechanical energy budget. Evidences will be shown that the surface stress contributes significantly to instability. Both wave-following current and wave-opposing current are studied. For the wave-following current, two types of Langmuir cells can grow in time; while for the wave-opposing current, only one can grow. Effects of current strength, wave conditions, and water depth on the growth of Langmuir circulation will be studied by numerical examples. Remarks on existing laboratory experiments are made en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Zhenhua Huang. en_US
dc.format.extent 269 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 9774176 bytes
dc.format.extent 9773976 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Civil and Environmental Engineering. en_US
dc.title Wave-current interaction in water of finite depth en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Environmental Fluid Mechanics en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 55590234 en_US

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