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Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography for the detection of early stage neoplastic pathologies

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dc.contributor.advisor James G. Fujimoto. en_US Hsiung, Pei-Lin, 1975- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. en_US 2006-08-25T18:58:26Z 2006-08-25T18:58:26Z 2005 en_US 2005 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2005. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 105-118). en_US
dc.description.abstract Identification of changes associated with early stage disease remains a critical objective of clinical detection and treatment. Effective screening and detection is important for improving outcome because advanced disease, such as metastatic cancer, can be difficult to impossible to cure. Many existing diagnostic modalities, including x-ray imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and endoscopy do not have sufficient resolution to detect changes in architectural morphology associated with early neoplasia and other pathologies. Diagnostic modalities capable of identifying pre-malignant tissue at an early stage could therefore significantly improve treatment outcome. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging biomedical imaging technique that can potentially be used as an in vivo tool for identifying early stage neoplastic pathologies. Recent advances in solid-state laser and nonlinear fiber technology have enabled the development of ultrahigh resolution and spectroscopic OCT techniques which promise to improve tissue differentiation and image contrast. Previous ex vivo, benchtop ultrahigh resolution OCT imaging studies suggest that differentiation of architectural morphology associated with pathology is feasible. This thesis covers the development and investigation of ultrahigh resolution OCT for studies of early neoplastic pathologies. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) A section of this thesis will focus on development and evaluation of a novel turn-key broadband source for OCT. Feasibility studies were performed using ultrahigh resolution OCT for imaging human tissues ex vivo in the clinical pathology laboratory setting. Imaging results will be presented examining a variety of normal and neoplastic lesions in preliminary studies of the thyroid gland, large and small intestine, and breast. These experiments elucidate the optimal imaging parameters, potential and limitations of the technique, and establish the microstructural markers visible in OCT images that are characteristic of pathologic tissues. These studies establish a baseline which should help interpret future in vivo ultrahigh resolution OCT imaging studies. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Pei-Lin Hsiung. en_US
dc.format.extent 121 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 15727032 bytes
dc.format.extent 15732142 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. en_US
dc.title Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography for the detection of early stage neoplastic pathologies en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 67550810 en_US

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