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Direct and indirect effects of alpha-particle irradiations of human prostate tumor cells

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dc.contributor.advisor Jeffrey A. Coderre. en_US Wang, Rong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Nuclear Engineering. en_US 2006-11-07T12:10:08Z 2006-11-07T12:10:08Z 2005 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, 2005. en_US
dc.description "September 2005." en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of this project is to establish a model system to study the direct effect, the bystander effect and the combinational effect of alpha-particle irradiations of human prostate tumor cells, toward the goal of improving the effectiveness of alpha-particle involved radiation therapies such as radioimmunotherapy and BNCT. This project consists of an engineering part and a biological part. In the engineering part, an apparatus for alpha-particle irradiation of cells was designed and constructed. Dosimetry of this irradiator was conducted. The average dose rate to the cell monolayer in the specially designed Mylar dish was calculated to be 1.2 Gy/min. In the biological part, three in vitro studies were carried out with the DU-145 human prostate tumor cells using the established alpha-particle irradiator. Firstly, the direct effects of the alpha-particle irradiation of DU-145 cells were studied using the clonogenic assay, the comet assay and the micronucleus assay. A novel co-culture system was then designed to study the bystander effect transmitted through the cell culture medium. The micronucleus assay was used as endpoint for the bystander studies. A bystander effect was observed. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) Mechanism studies suggested that the nitric oxide was not involved in the process and indicated a short effective lifetime (< min) of the bystander signal. In the combinational studies, the effects of two anticancer drugs (Taxol and Oxaliplatin) together with direct alpha-particle irradiation were studied and no synergistic effect was observed for both drugs. Finally, the combined effect of the bystander effect and drug Taxol was studied, which was the first time that a combined effect between an anticancer drug and the radiation-induced bystander effect was studied. The results of the model studies carried out in the two-dimensional monolayer of cells in this project can serve as a fundamental frame to be further applied to a three dimensional tumor micrometastasis model (spheroids) in the future. The understanding of the role the bystander effect plays in tumor cell killing, its mechanisms and its interaction with other agents, may make it possible to manipulate these factors to improve the effectiveness of alpha-particle involved therapies. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Rong Wang. en_US
dc.format.extent 191 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 10663647 bytes
dc.format.extent 10671736 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Nuclear Engineering. en_US
dc.title Direct and indirect effects of alpha-particle irradiations of human prostate tumor cells en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Nuclear Engineering. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 70689908 en_US

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