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Geoacoustic inversion by mode amplitude perturbation

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dc.contributor.advisor George Frisk and James Lynch. en_US Poole, Travis L en_US
dc.contributor.other Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US 2007-09-28T13:12:48Z 2007-09-28T13:12:48Z 2007 en_US 2007 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Joint Program in Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), 2007. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 124-126). en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis introduces an algorithm for inverting for the geoacoustic properties of the seafloor in shallow water. The input data required by the algorithm are estimates of the amplitudes of the normal modes excited by a low-frequency pure-tone sound source, and estimates of the water column sound speed profiles at the source and receiver positions. The algorithm makes use of perturbation results, and computes the small correction to an estimated background profile that is necessary to reproduce the measured mode amplitudes. Range-dependent waveguide properties can be inverted for so long as they vary slowly enough in range that the adiabatic approximation is valid. The thesis also presents an estimator which can be used to obtain the input data for the inversion algorithm from pressure measurements made on a vertical line array (VLA). The estimator is an Extended Kalman Filter (EKF), which treats the mode amplitudes and eigenvalues as state variables. Numerous synthetic and real-data examples of both the inversion algorithm and the EKF estimator are provided. The inversion algorithm is similar to eigenvalue perturbation methods, and the thesis also presents a combination mode amplitude/eigenvalue inversion algorithm, which combines the advantages of the two techniques. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Travis L. Poole. en_US
dc.format.extent 126 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Joint Program in Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering. en_US
dc.subject Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.subject Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Underwater acoustics en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ocean-atmosphere interaction en_US
dc.title Geoacoustic inversion by mode amplitude perturbation en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Joint Program in Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.contributor.department Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 166142418 en_US

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