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Revolutionizing history education : using augmented reality games to teach histories

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

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dc.contributor.advisor Edward Barrett. en_US
dc.contributor.author Schrier, Karen L en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Comparative Media Studies. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-01-30T18:39:22Z
dc.date.available 2009-01-30T18:39:22Z
dc.date.copyright 2005 en_US
dc.date.issued 2005 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/39186 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/39186
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Comparative Media Studies, 2005. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 154-162). en_US
dc.description.abstract In an ever-changing present of multiple truths and reconfigured histories, people need to be critical thinkers. Research has suggested the potential for using augmented reality (AR) games- location-based games that use wireless handheld devices to provide virtual game information in a physical environment-as educational tools. I designed "Reliving the Revolution" as a model for using AR games to teach historic inquiry, decision-making, and critical thinking skills. "Reliving the Revolution" takes place in Lexington, MA, the site of the Battle of Lexington (American Revolution) and simulates the activities of a historian, such as evidence collection and interpretation. Participants interact with virtual historic figures and gather virtual testimonials and evidence on the Battle, each triggered by GPS to appear on the handheld devices depending on one's specific location on or around the Lexington Common. The participants collect differing evidence based on their historic role in the game (Minuteman soldier, loyalist, African American/Minuteman soldier, or British soldier) and then collaboratively evaluate who fired the first shot to start the Battle of Lexington. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) I envision "Reliving the Revolution" not as a standalone educational solution, but as an activity integrated into a broader history curriculum that teaches students how to approach and evaluate complex social problems. This thesis provides a detailed rationale for each of my design choices, as well as an assessment of each choice based on the results of iterative game testing. In my analysis of the game's design, I focus specifically on four game elements: (1) collaborative, (2) role-playing, (3) storytelling or narrative elements; and (4) kinesthetic and mobility. Results of trials of the game suggest that "Reliving the Revolution" and similar AR games can enhance the learning of: (1) historical name, places, and themes; (2) historical methodology and the limits to representations of the past; and (3) alternative perspectives and challenges to "master" historical interpretations. The game motivated participants to gather, evaluate, and interpret historical information, devise hypotheses and counter-arguments, and draw informed conclusions. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) My trials also suggested that AR games such as "Reliving the Revolution" can enhance learning because it can: 1. Create an authentic "practice field" for solving problems and using real-world contexts and tools. 2. Increase the potential for collaboration among participants, and enhance opportunities for reflection. 3. Enable participants to take on and express new identities through role-playing. 4. Encourage participants to explore more deeply a physical site and to consider interactions between the real and virtual worlds. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Karen L. Schrier. en_US
dc.format.extent 290 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/39186 en_US
dc.rights.uri http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582 en_US
dc.subject Comparative Media Studies. en_US
dc.title Revolutionizing history education : using augmented reality games to teach histories en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Comparative Media Studies. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 64583343 en_US


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