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Acoustic scattering of broadband echolocation signals from prey of Blainville's beaked whales : modeling and analysis

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dc.contributor.advisor Andone C. Lavery and Timothy K. Stanton. en_US Jones, Benjamin A. (Benjamin Aaron) en_US
dc.contributor.other Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US 2007-10-19T21:05:42Z 2007-10-19T21:05:42Z 2006 en_US 2006 en_US
dc.description Thesis (S.M.)--Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), 2006. en_US
dc.description This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 89-96). en_US
dc.description.abstract Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) use broadband, ultrasonic echolocation signals (27 to 57 kHz) to search for, localize, and approach prey that generally consist of mid-water and deep-water fishes and squid. Although it is well known that the spectral characteristics of broadband echoes from marine organisms are a strong function of size, shape, orientation and anatomical group, little is known as to whether or not these or other toothed whales use spectral cues in discriminating between prey and non-prey. In order to study the prey-classification process, a stereo acoustic tag was mounted on a Blainville's beaked whale so that emitted clicks and corresponding echoes from prey could be recorded. A comparison of echoes from prey selected by the whale and those from randomly chosen scatterers suggests that the whale may have, indeed, discriminated between echoes using spectral features and target strengths. Specifically, the whale appears to have favored prey with one or more deep nulls in the echo spectra as well as ones with higher target strength. A three-dimensional, acoustic scattering model is also developed to simulate broadband scattering from squid, a likely prey of the beaked whale. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) This model applies the distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA) to a weakly-scattering, inhomogeneous body using a combined ray trace and volume integration approach. Scatterer features are represented with volume elements that are small (less than 1=12th of the wavelength) for the frequency range of interest (0 to 120 kHz). Ranges of validity with respect to material properties and numerical considerations are explored using benchmark computations with simpler geometries such as fluid-filled spherical and cylindrical fluid shells. Modeling predictions are compared with published data from live, freely swimming squid. These results, as well as previously published studies, are used in the analysis of the echo spectra of the whale's ensonified targets. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Benjamin A. Jones. en_US
dc.format.extent 96 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject /Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering. en_US
dc.subject Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.subject Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Beaked whales en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Acoustic models en_US
dc.title Acoustic scattering of broadband echolocation signals from prey of Blainville's beaked whales : modeling and analysis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US S.M. en_US
dc.contributor.department Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. en_US
dc.contributor.department Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 74336393 en_US

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