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Advancement and analysis of Gauss pseudospectral transcription for optimal control problems

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dc.contributor.advisor Jonathan P. How and Anil V. Rao. en_US
dc.contributor.author Huntington, Geoffrey Todd, 1979- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-09-03T14:49:26Z
dc.date.available 2008-09-03T14:49:26Z
dc.date.copyright 2007 en_US
dc.date.issued 2007 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/42180
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 195-207). en_US
dc.description.abstract As optimal control problems become increasingly complex, innovative numerical methods are needed to solve them. Direct transcription methods, and in particular, methods involving orthogonal collocation have become quite popular in several field areas due to their high accuracy in approximating non-analytic solutions with relatively few discretization points. Several of these methods, known as pseudospectral methods in the aerospace engineering community, have also established costate estimation procedures which can be used to verify the optimality of the resulting solution. This work examines three of these pseudospectral methods in detail, specifically the Legendre, Gauss, and Radau pseudospectral methods, in order to assess their accuracy, efficiency, and applicability to optimal control problems of varying complexity. Emphasis is placed on improving the Gauss pseudospectral method, where advancements to the method include a revised pseudospectral transcription for problems with path constraints and differential dynamic constraints, a new algorithm for the computation of the control at the boundaries, and an analysis of a local versus global implementation of the method. The Gauss pseudospectral method is then applied to solve current problems in the area of tetrahedral spacecraft formation flying. These optimal control problems involve multiple finite-burn maneuvers, nonlinear dynamics, and nonlinear inequality path constraints that depend on both the relative and inertial positions of all four spacecraft. Contributions of this thesis include an improved numerical method for solving optimal control problems, an analysis and numerical comparison of several other competitive direct methods, and a greater understanding of the relative motion of tetrahedral formation flight. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Geoffrey Todd Huntington. en_US
dc.format.extent 207 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582 en_US
dc.subject Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.title Advancement and analysis of Gauss pseudospectral transcription for optimal control problems en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 228876299 en_US


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