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100% container scanning : security policy implications for global supply chains

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dc.contributor.advisor James B. Rice, Jr. en_US Bennett, Allison C. (Allison Christine) en_US Chin, Yi Zhuan en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division. en_US 2009-04-29T17:14:44Z 2009-04-29T17:14:44Z 2008 en_US 2008 en_US
dc.description Thesis (M. Eng. in Logistics)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Engineering Systems Division, 2008. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 164-169). en_US
dc.description.abstract On August 3, 2007, President George Bush signed into law HR1 the "Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007." The 9/11 Act requires 100% scanning of US-bound containers at foreign seaports by 2012 through the use of non-intrusive (NII) and radiation detection equipment. Maritime stakeholders and the government community have actively debated the feasibility of this plan, citing economic impacts, barriers to global trade and insufficient technology and physical space. This thesis focuses on importer concerns relating to potential shipment delays, financial burdens, sourcing issues and contingency planning concerns in global supply chain operations. Using port statistics, field study data as well as industry insights, frameworks are developed to identify major stakeholder issues and quantify the financial costs and delay risks bourn across the entire supply chain. Cost and delay analyses are based on 2 prototypical ports - a small/low-volume export port and a large/high-volume export port. Cost analysis is performed for a consolidated (port authority) level installation and a segmented (terminal operator) level installation to calculate a per-box scanning fee. Queuing models and Monte-Carlo simulations are also developed to quantify truck congestion due to primary scanning and the risk of containers missing vessels due to secondary inspections. Results of the cost analysis indicate that scanning configurations, particularly related to NII, greatly affect the-per box scanning cost. It is not economically feasible to scan only US-bound containers at half of the 600 ports with direct connections to the US. Analysis of truck congestion suggests that the ramp metering effect of the entry gate can help to abate congestion at the scanning area. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) Analysis on secondary inspection delays revealed that under a set of assumptions that reflect current operations, the risk of containers missing sailings could potentially increase to 1.5%, which may in turn require a 0.5% to 5% increase in safety stock. Our study shows that cost and delay implications of 100% export US-bound container scanning may be less severe than industry anticipated. Supply chain disruptions due to scanning is best mitigated through earlier container dispatch, increased safety stock or increased scanning infrastructure and personnel at ports. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Allison C. Bennett and Yi Zhuan Chin. en_US
dc.format.extent 174 leaves en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject Engineering Systems Division. en_US
dc.title 100% container scanning : security policy implications for global supply chains en_US
dc.title.alternative One hundred percent container scanning : security policy implications for global supply chains en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Logistics en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 310353844 en_US

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