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A metabolic profiling approach to human disorders of energy metabolism

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dc.contributor.advisor Vamsi K. Mootha. en_US Shaham, Oded en_US
dc.contributor.other Harvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. en_US 2010-04-28T17:17:50Z 2010-04-28T17:17:50Z 2009 en_US 2009 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 2009. en_US
dc.description Cataloged from PDF version of thesis. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description.abstract The integrated network of biochemical reactions known collectively as metabolism is essential for life, and dysfunction in parts of this network causes human disease - both rare, inherited disorders and common diseases such as diabetes mellitus. The study of metabolic disease depends upon quantitative methods which are traditionally custom-tailored to a given compound. Recent advances in technologies such as mass spectrometry now enable the simultaneous measurement of a diverse metabolite collection spanning multiple biological pathways, an approach known as metabolic profiling or metabolomics. This dissertation describes the development of one such metabolic profiling system and its application to the study of two major topics in human energy metabolism: the fasting:feeding transition and mitochondrial disease. In the first study, we profile human plasma in response to glucose ingestion, detecting dozens of metabolite changes and identifying several distinct effects of insulin. Based on these observations, we propose a multivariate view of insulin sensitivity, and show that individuals at risk for developing diabetes mellitus can differ in their insulin response profile, a concept of potential value for estimating disease risk and progression. In the second study, we elucidate a metabolic signature of human mitochondrial disease that reflects substrate oxidation, biosynthesis and energy charge. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) We demonstrate that the culture media profile of a cellular disease model of mitochondrial dysfunction reflects the plasma profile of human patients, an approach that could be applicable to other diseases as well. In addition, we show that a combination of metabolites distinguishes individuals with mitochondrial disease from healthy individuals better than the currently used diagnostic markers. Our findings provide insight into human disorders of energy metabolism, and demonstrate the utility of a profiling approach for the understanding of metabolic disease. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Oded Shaham. en_US
dc.format.extent 114 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject Harvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. en_US
dc.title A metabolic profiling approach to human disorders of energy metabolism en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Harvard University--MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 607333303 en_US

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