From Understanding Computation to Understanding Neural Circuitry
Author(s)Marr, D.; Poggio, T.
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The CNS needs to be understood at four nearly independent levels of description: (1) that at which the nature of computation is expressed; (2) that at which the algorithms that implement a computation are characterized; (3) that at which an algorithm is committed to particular mechanisms; and (4) that at which the mechanisms are realized in hardware. In general, the nature of a computation is determined by the problem to be solved, the mechanisms that are used depend upon the available hardware, and the particular algorithms chosen depend on the problem and on the available mechanisms. Examples are given of theories at each level.