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Activity and kinematics of low mass stars

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dc.contributor.advisor Andrew A. West and Adam J. Burgasser. en_US
dc.contributor.author Pineda, John Sebastian en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Physics. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-02-23T14:38:04Z
dc.date.available 2011-02-23T14:38:04Z
dc.date.copyright 2010 en_US
dc.date.issued 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/61260
dc.description Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Physics, 2010. en_US
dc.description Cataloged from PDF version of thesis. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 95-96). en_US
dc.description.abstract We present an analysis of the magnetic activity, photometry and kinematics of approximately 70000 M dwarfs from the Sloan digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7. This new analysis explores the spatial distribution of these M dwarf properties as a function of vertical distance from the Galactic plane (Z) and distance from the Galactic center (R). We confirm the established trends of decreasing magnetic activity, as measured by Ha emission, with increasing distance from the mid-plane of the disk but also observe a new trend in Galactocentric radius, apparent in the analysis of spectral types M3 and M4 of a small increase in activity with increasing R. Examining the color indices r - z, r - i and g - r from the SDSS ugriz photometry reveals noticeable gradients in the vertical direction but not in the radial direction. To analyze the kinematics we develop a new technique utilizing probability distributions and a pseudo-montecarlo data fitting scheme to determine the parameters (o- 1, pi, 0-2, 12) and normalization of the underlying Gaussians making up the kinematic distributions of the stellar population. We analyze each of the spatial velocities VR, Vz , and Ve defined in a Galactocentric cylindrical coordinate system. The kinematic analysis reproduced previous trends of increasing dispersion with increasing distance from the mid-plane, but with much greater accuracy and reliability and to distances farther out away from the mid-plane. The analysis did not reveal any significant kinematic trends in the radial domain. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by John Sebastian Pineda. en_US
dc.format.extent 96 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582 en_US
dc.subject Physics. en_US
dc.title Activity and kinematics of low mass stars en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree S.B. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Physics. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 701909110 en_US


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