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Browsing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Technology and Policy Program (NFC) - Technical Reports by Title

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Browsing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Technology and Policy Program (NFC) - Technical Reports by Title

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  • Visosky, M.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2006-06)
    Transuranic actinides dominate the long-term radiotoxicity in spent LWR fuel. In an open fuel cycle, they impose a long-term burden on geologic repositories. Transmuting these materials in reactor systems is one way to ...
  • Boscher, T.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Todreas, Neil E.; Romano, A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2005-06-01)
    The deployment of fuel recycling through either CONFU (COmbined Non-Fertile and UO[subscript 2] fuel) thermal water-cooled reactors (LWRs) or fast ABR (Actinide Burner Reactor) reactors is compared to the Once-Through ...
  • Conboy, Thomas M.; McKrell, Thomas J.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-05)
    In order to significantly increase the power density of Light Water Reactors (LWRs), the helical-cruciform (HC) fuel rod assembly has been proposed as an alternative to traditional fuel geometry. The HC assembly is a ...
  • Guérin, Laurent; Feng, Bo; Hejzlar, Pavel; Forget, Benoit; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Van Den Durpel, Luc; Yacout, Abdellatif; Taiwo, Temi; Dixon, Brent W.; Matthern, Grechen; Boucher, Lionel; Delpech, Marc; Girieud, Richard; Meyer, Maryan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2009-04)
    As use of nuclear energy is expected to expand in different parts of the world, several codes that describe the nuclear fuel cycle system are currently under development, featuring a range of capabilities and different ...
  • Inoue, Y.; Pilat, Edward E.; Xu, Z.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2004-06)
    The effect of utilizing thorium together with gadolinium, erbium, or boron burnable absorber in BWR fuel assemblies for very long cycle is investigated. Nuclear characteristics such as reactivity and power distributions ...
  • Herman, Bryan R.; Shwageraus, Eugene; Forget, Benoit; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-06)
    High conversion water reactors (HCWR), such as the Resource-renewable Boiling Water Reactor (RBWR), are being designed with axial heterogeneity of alternating fissile and blanket zones to achieve a conversion ratio of ...
  • Driscoll, Michael J.; Jensen, K. G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-05-01)
    This is a progress report covering work through mid-May 2010 under a Sandia-MIT contract dealing with design and siting/licensing criteria for deep borehole disposal of spent nuclear fuel or its separated constituents. It ...
  • Holcombe, Robert; Golay, Michael W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-04)
    Nuclear Proliferation is a complex problem that has plagued national security strategists since the advent of the first nuclear weapons. As the cost to produce nuclear weapons has continued to decline and the availability ...
  • Bates, Ethan A.; Buongiorno, Jacopo; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-06)
    Disposal of high-level nuclear waste in deep boreholes drilled into crystalline bedrock (i.e., “granite”) is an interesting repository alternative of long standing. Work at MIT over the past two decades, and more recently ...
  • Karahan, A.; Buongiorno, Jacopo; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2007-07)
    An evolutionary BWR fuel assembly design was studied as a means to increase the power density of current and future BWR cores. The new assembly concept is based on replacing four traditional assemblies and large water ...
  • Carpenter, David M.; Kohse, Gordon E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2005-06)
    In order to obtain an accurate prediction of the thermal behavior of an annular fuel assembly (see MIT-NFC-PR-048 for a description of the rods), the thermal conduction of the region from the outside of the fuel capsule ...
  • Feng, Bo; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Forget, Benoit (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-06-01)
    This study assesses the neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, and fuel performance aspects of using nitride fuel in place of oxides in Pu-based high conversion light water reactor designs. Using the higher density nitride fuel ...
  • Feinroth, H.; Yuan, Y. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2005-06)
    The viability of depositing a thin porous coating of zirconia on the outer surface of an annular UO[subscript 2] pellet is investigated experimentally. Such a layer has been proposed to buffer the contact between the fuel ...
  • Dozier, Frances E.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Buongiorno, Jacopo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2011-06)
    This report analyzes the feasibility of emplacing DOE-owned defense nuclear waste from weapons production into a permanent borehole repository drilled ~4 km into granite basement rock. Two canister options were analyzed ...
  • Todreas, Neil E.; Hejzlar, Pavel; Fong, Chris J.; Nikiforova, Anna; Petroski, Robert; Shwageraus, Eugene; Whitman, Joshua (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2008-06)
    Executive Summary: The goal of this project is to develop the conceptual designs of fast flexible conversion ratio reactors using lead and liquid salt coolants and to compare the results with a gascooled fast reactor ...
  • Jensen, K. G.; Driscoll, Michael J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-03)
    This is the initial progress report under a Sandia-MIT contract dealing with development of engineering and geological siting criteria for deep borehole disposal of spent nuclear fuel or its separated constituents. ...
  • Aquien, A.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Hejzlar, Pavel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2006-06)
    The reduction of transuranic inventories of spent nuclear fuel depends upon the deployment of advanced fuels that can be loaded with recycled transuranics (TRU), and the availability of facilities to separate and reprocess ...
  • Handwerk, C. S.; Meyer, J. E.; Todreas, Neil E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 1998-01)
    An integral part of a technical analysis of a core design, fuel performance is especially important for extended operating cycles since the consequences of failed fuel are greater for this operating strategy than for ...
  • Massie, Mark Edward; Forget, Benoit (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2010-09)
    This research focuses on developing a new approach to studying the nuclear fuel cycle: instead of employing the trial and error approach currently used in actinide management studies in which reactors are designed and ...
  • Oggianu, S. M.; Christensen, Holly Colleen No; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Nuclear Fuel Cycle Program, 2001-05)
    The goal of this work is to select the best candidate fuel materials to deliver high burnup in advanced light water reactors. Uranium and thorium based fuels are considered. These fuel materials must be able to withstand ...
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