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Manipulation of ring strain and antiaromaticity in the design and synthesis of unique optoelectronic materials

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dc.contributor.advisor Timothy M. Swager. en_US Parkhurst, Rebecca R. (Rebecca Rosenberg) en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Chemistry. en_US 2012-09-26T14:17:52Z 2012-09-26T14:17:52Z 2012 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Chemistry, 2012. en_US
dc.description This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections. en_US
dc.description "June 2012." Vita. Cataloged from student-submitted PDF version of thesis. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_US
dc.description.abstract Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and fully-conjugated ladder polymers are leading candidates for organics electronics, as their inherent conformational rigidity encourages electron delocalization. Many of these systems consist of fused benzenoid or heterocyclic aromatic rings. Less frequently, however, PAHs are reported with character that alternates between the aromaticity of benzene fragments and the antiaromaticity of a nonbenzenoid moiety. Due to its high degree of unsaturation and ring strain, 3,4-bis(methylene)cyclobutene presents an intriguing building block for a variety of polycyclic macromolecules. The syntheses of several derivatives of 3,4-bis(benzylidene)cyclobutene are reported. Previously unknown 1,2-dibromo-3,4-bis(benzylidene)cyclobutene was obtained through in situ generation of 1,6-diphenyl-3,4-dibromo-1,2,4,5-tetraene followed by electrocyclic ring closure. Ensuing reduction and metal-catalyzed cross-coupling provided additional derivatives. The effects of ring strain on the geometry and electronics of these derivatives were examined. The synthesis of new class of fully unsaturated ladder structures, phenylene-containing oligoacenes (POAs), using 3,4-bis(methylene)cyclobutene as a building block for sequential Diels-Alder reactions is described. The electronic effects of strain and the energetic cost of antiaromaticity can be observed via the optical and electrochemical properties of the reported compounds. The resulting shape-persistant ladder structures contain neighboring chromophores that are partially electronically isolated from one other while still undergoing a reduction in the band gap of the material. Singlet fission, a phenomenon in which two triplet excitons are generated from a single photon of light, has the potential to improve the efficiency of organic solar cells by increasing the theoretical quantum efficiency. Singlet fission is observed for the first time in dithienylsubstituted pentacene and tetracene. Dissociation of the triplets at the donor-acceptor interface in a solar cell constructed with 6,13-di(thien-2-yl)pentacene is demonstrated. The synthesis of a POA containing pentacene is also investigated. The chain-growth mechanism of polymerization allows for greater control of molecular weight and polydispersity than does the step-growth mechanism, however is currently limited to only a few reactions. Due to its unique Diels-Alder reactivity, 3,4-bis(methylene)cyclobutene and related structures are investigated as monomers for chain-growth Diels-Alder polymerization. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Rebecca R. Parkhurst. en_US
dc.format.extent 187 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject Chemistry. en_US
dc.title Manipulation of ring strain and antiaromaticity in the design and synthesis of unique optoelectronic materials en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Chemistry. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 809685468 en_US

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