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Geometric manipulation of light : from nonlinear optics to invisibility cloaks

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dc.contributor.advisor Steven G. Johnson. en_US Hashemi, Hila en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mathematics. en_US 2012-09-27T15:25:50Z 2012-09-27T15:25:50Z 2012 en_US 2012 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mathematics, 2012. en_US
dc.description Cataloged from PDF version of thesis. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 189-203). en_US
dc.description.abstract In this work, we study two different manipulations of electromagnetic waves governed by macroscopic Maxwell's equations. One is frequency conversion of such waves using small intrinsic material nonlinearities. We study conversion of an input signal at frequency w1 to frequency Wk due to second or third harmonic generation or four-wave mixing using coupled-mode theory. Using this framework, we show there is a critical input power at which maximum frequency conversion is possible. We study in depth the case of third harmonic generation, its solutions, and their stability analysis. Based on the dynamics of the system, we propose a regime of parameters that 100%- efficient frequency conversion is possible and propose a way of exciting this solution. We also look at same analysis for the case of degenerate four-wave mixing and come up with 2d and 3d designs of a device that exhibits high-efficiency second-harmonic generation. Second, we consider proposals for invisibility cloaks to change the path of electromagnetic waves in a certain way so that the object appears invisible at a certain frequency or a range of frequencies. Transformation-based invisibility cloaks make use of the coordinate invariance of Maxwell's Equations and require complex material configuration e and p in the cloak. We study the practical limitations of cloaking as a function of the size of the object being cloaked. Specifically, we study the bandwidth, loss, and scattering limitations of cloaking as the object gets larger and show that cloaking of objects many times larger than the wavelength in size becomes practically impossible. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Hila Hashemi. en_US
dc.format.extent 203 p. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.rights.uri en_US
dc.subject Mathematics. en_US
dc.title Geometric manipulation of light : from nonlinear optics to invisibility cloaks en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mathematics. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 809643289 en_US

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