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Geometry of cone-beam reconstruction

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dc.contributor.advisor Daniel J. Kleitman. en_US Yang, Xiaochun, 1971- en_US
dc.contributor.other Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mathematics. en_US 2005-08-23T19:18:06Z 2005-08-23T19:18:06Z 2002 en_US 2002 en_US
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mathematics, 2002. en_US
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 89-91). en_US
dc.description.abstract Geometry is the synthetic tool we use to unify all existing analytical cone-beam reconstruction methods. These reconstructions are based on formulae derived by Tuy [Tuy, 1983], Smith [Smith, 1985] and Grangeat [Grangeat, 1991] which explicitly link the cone-beam data to some intermediate functions in the Radon transform domain. However, the essential step towards final reconstruction, that is, differential-backprojection, has not yet achieved desired efficiency. A new inversion formula is obtained directly from the 3D Radon inverse [Radon, 1917, Helgason, 1999]. It incorporates the cone-beam scanning geometry and allows the theoretical work mentioned above to be reduced to exact and frugal implementations. Extensions can be easily carried out to 2D fan-beam reconstruction as well as other scanning modalities such as parallel scans by allowing more abstract geometric description on the embedding subspace of the Radon manifold. The new approach provides a canonical inverse procedure for computerized tomography in general, with applications ranging from diagnostic medical imaging to industrial testing, such as X-ray CT, Emission CT, Ultrasound CT, etc. It also suggests a principled frame for approaching other 3D reconstruction problems related to the Radon transform. The idea is simple: as was spelled out by Helgason on the opening page of his book, The Radon Transform [Helgason, 1999] - a remarkable duality characterizes the Radon transform and its inverse. Our study shows that the dual space, the so-called Radon space, can be geometrically decomposed according to the specified scanning modality. en_US
dc.description.abstract (cont.) In cone-beam X-ray reconstruction, for example, each cone-beam projection is seen as a 2D projective subspace embedded in the Radon manifold. Besides the duality in the space relation, the symbiosis played between algebra and geometry, integration and differentiation is another striking feature in the tomographic reconstruction. Simply put, * Geometry and algebra: the two play fundamentally different roles during the inverse. Algebraic transforms carry cone-beam data into the Radon domain, whereas, the geometric decomposition of the dual space determines how the differential-backprojection operator should be systematically performed. The reason that different algorithms in cone-beam X-ray reconstruction share structural similarity is that the dual space decomposition is intrinsic to the specified scanning geometry. The differences in the algorithms lie in the appearance of algebra on the projection submanifold. The algebraic transforms initiate diverse reconstruction methods varying in terms of computational cost and stability. Equipped with this viewpoint, we are able to simplify mathematical analysis and develop algorithms that are easy to implement. Integration and differentiation: forward projection is the integral along straight lines (or planes) in the Euclidean space. During the reconstruction, differentiation is performed over the parallel planes in the projective Radon space, a manifold with clear differential structure. It is important to learn about this differential structure to ensure that correct differentiation can be carried out with respect to the parameters governing the scanning process during the reconstruction ... en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Xiaochun Yang. en_US
dc.format.extent 91 p. en_US
dc.format.extent 5942218 bytes
dc.format.extent 5941980 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology en_US
dc.rights M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission. en_US
dc.subject Mathematics. en_US
dc.title Geometry of cone-beam reconstruction en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mathematics. en_US
dc.identifier.oclc 50500372 en_US

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