Constraint Identification In On-Demand Mobility For Aviation Through An Exploratory Case Study Of Los Angeles
Author(s)Hansman, R. John; Vascik, Parker
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On-Demand Mobility (ODM) for Aviation is an emerging concept that proposes to provide aircraft-based, point-to-point transportation to consumers within a metropolitan area. This paper explicitly identified key operational constraints facing ODM Aviation networks and assessed how new vehicles and technologies could mitigate or reduce the severity of these constraints. An exploratory case study was developed to evaluate hypothetical ODM Aviation services in Los Angeles and the greater Southern California region. Promising early adopter markets were identified based upon current commuting and wealth patterns. A concept of operations (ConOps) was proposed for twelve reference missions that serviced a representative subset of these markets. Review of the reference missions provided a holistic impression of the potential implementation challenges facing an ODM Aviation network in a United States metropolitan region. Five key operational constraints were identified that may inhibit the near or far-term implementation of ODM Aviation operations. The constraints identified include: aircraft noise and community acceptance, the availability of ground infrastructure, aircraft interaction with air traffic control, community access to takeoff and landing areas, and the flight density achievable in uncontrolled airspace. Furthermore, three issues were identified including electric aircraft operating standards and certifications, all-weather operational capabilities, and ODM aircraft interaction with unmanned aircraft systems.