Computational light transport using space, time, and polarization
Program in Media Arts and Sciences (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
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Understanding how light travels through macroscopic scenes can transform autonomous driving, medical imaging and consumer photography. Unfortunately, this understanding is difficult to achieve: trillions of light paths are measured by millions of pixels. The framework of computational light transport was introduced to model this complex interaction between light and matter in a tractable space. In this thesis, we study new methods to invoke space, time, and polarization into a computational light transport framework. First, we study how probing the time dimension enables cameras to separate bounces from multiple light paths. Our solutions are inspired by prior work on multipath in wireless and telecommunications. We then invoke both time and space to provide the first provable bound on resolution for seeing around corners or through scattering media. Finally, we jointly invoke space, time, and polarization to propose an ultra-high quality form of 3D imaging. This thesis contributes a few analytical theories, including: (1) provable bounds on multipath separation; (2) provable bounds on seeing around corners; and (3) proof of shape reconstruction from polarimetric measurements. The thesis also contributes new applications that span: (a) micron-scale 3D cameras; (b) real-time object tracking around corners; and (c) single-shot computational relighting of images. Future applications encompass equipping self-driving cars the ability to see through fog, or enabling doctors to see deeper inside the body using light.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2018.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 261-273).
DepartmentProgram in Media Arts and Sciences (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Program in Media Arts and Sciences ()