Planning autonomous evacuation for access and flood resilience
Author(s)Al-Sammarraie, Ali(Ali J.).
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Urban Studies and Planning.
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Resilience planning has been an increasing topic of discussion, with the shifting attitude toward an adaptive approach where landscapes serve a multitude of functions. Cities like Boston are at the forefront in resilience planning with initiatives such as the Climate Ready Boston. The history-rich land morphology of Boston shows a real vulnerability to floods and storm surge events, revealing a 100-year flood's potential to cripple its busiest districts. Technology and mobility, albeit have been progressing as independent entities, do not cross roads with resilience planning and evacuation, and the understanding of landscape morphology and vulnerability plays little to no influence on the idea of districting. With scarce research on the overlap between technological advancements in mobility with resilience thinking, there is a need to re-examine the integration of technological feats with evacuation in disasters.An analysis of the overlap between mobility, evacuation, and resilience is explored using an ecological understanding of landscape as a key component in concluding boundaries. The notion of a resilience district is hence explored and integrated onto the larger Boston area to derive effective evacuation methodologies using Autonomous Vehicle Clouds (AVCs) and Boss-system independent AVs. The earlier technology is a surgical implementation on a fully autonomous transportation route using a central cloud command center with prompt response-rate as a fleet, whereas the latter AV system integrates into existing interstate roads and highways and can navigate independently. The thesis proposed an integrated 5-step framework on the Everett-Malden resilience district that provided 10-minute access to evacuation to over 8,000 individuals that are otherwise disconnected in a flood event.The potential application of AV connection systems exposed development opportunities for otherwise-car-occupied land uses bringing significant benefits for the city, public officials, and private developers. On the larger Boston area, the magnifying impacts of the framework can be estimated to benefit over 26,700 households, providing quick means to shelter for over 292,000 individuals. This thesis provides pragmatic analysis of the possible AVCs and AVs evacuation application, and looks at the immediate land uses with high impacts by AV implementation. The goal of this research is to aid in the advancement and integration of technology, evacuation, and resilience planning in order to achieve a better understanding of truly resilient towns and cities.
This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Thesis: M.C.P., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, 2019Cataloged from student-submitted PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 86-89).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Urban Studies and Planning
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Urban Studies and Planning.