An empirical study identifying bias in Yelp dataset
Author(s)Choi, Seri,M. Eng.Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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Online review platforms have become an essential element of the business industry, providing users in-depth information on businesses and other users' experiences. The purpose of this study is to examine possible bias or discriminatory behaviors in users' rating habits in the Yelp dataset. The Surprise recommender system is utilized to produce expected ratings for the test set, training the model with 75% of the original dataset to learn the rating trends. Then, the ordinary least squares (OLS) linear regression is applied to identify which factors affected the percent change and which categories or locations show more bias than the others. This paper can provide insights into ways that bias can manifest within a dataset due to non-experimental factors such as social psychology; future research into this topic can therefore take these non-experimental factors, such as the discriminatory bias found in Yelp reviews, into consideration in order to reduce bias when utilizing machine learning algorithms.
Thesis: M. Eng., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, February, 2021Cataloged from the official PDF of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 45-47).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.