Author(s)Sim, Melvyn, 1971-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
Dimitris J. Bertsimas.
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We propose new methodologies in robust optimization that promise greater tractability, both theoretically and practically than the classical robust framework. We cover a broad range of mathematical optimization problems, including linear optimization (LP), quadratic constrained quadratic optimization (QCQP), general conic optimization including second order cone programming (SOCP) and semidefinite optimization (SDP), mixed integer optimization (MIP), network flows and 0 - 1 discrete optimization. Our approach allows the modeler to vary the level of conservatism of the robust solutions in terms of probabilistic bounds of constraint violations, while keeping the problem tractable. Specifically, for LP, MIP, SOCP, SDP, our approaches retain the same complexity class as the original model. The robust QCQP becomes a SOCP, which is computationally as attractive as the nominal problem. In network flows, we propose an algorithm for solving the robust minimum cost flow problem in polynomial number of nominal minimum cost flow problems in a modified network. For 0 - 1 discrete optimization problem with cost uncertainty, the robust counterpart of a polynomially solvable 0 - 1 discrete optimization problem remains polynomially solvable and the robust counterpart of an NP-hard o-approximable 0-1 discrete optimization problem, remains a-approximable.(cont.) Under an ellipsoidal uncertainty set, we show that the robust problem retains the complexity of the nominal problem when the data is uncorrelated and identically distributed. For uncorrelated, but not identically distributed data, we propose an approximation method that solves the robust problem within arbitrary accuracy. We also propose a Frank-Wolfe type algorithm for this case, which we prove converges to a locally optimal solution, and in computational experiments is remarkably effective.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management, Operations Research Center, 2004.Includes bibliographical references (p. 169-171).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Operations Research Center.