Heat conduction in the cable insulation of force-cooled underground electrical power transmission systems
Author(s)Sanders, Joel Vincent; Glicksman, Leon R.; Rohsenow, Warren Max
Forced-cooled systems for oil-filled pipe-type cable circuits have recently been considered. In such systems the conduction resistance through the paper insulation of the cables is the limiting thermal resistance. Assuming bilateral symmetry, steady-state conditions, and two-dimensional heat transfer, a FORTRAN IV computer program was written to solve the heat conduction problem in the cable insulation for arbitrary configurations of a three-cable system. For a steel pipe, a cable system is most susceptible to overheating in the equilateral configuration with the three cables touching. Proximity effects are very significant in forced cooling, especially when cables are not provided with a copper tape under the insulation moisture seal assembly, accounting for as much as 21% of the total oil temperature rise between refrigeration stations. This figure, however, is reduced to 8% when 0.005 inch thick copper tape is present.
Forced cooling of underground electric power transmission lines, pt.2
MIT Energy Lab
Underground electric lines -- Cooling, Heat -- Conduction, Electric cables, Electric insulators and insulation
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