Delta-Sigma digital-RF modulation for high data rate transmitters
Delta-Sigma digital-radio frequency modulation for high data rate transmitters
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Charles G. Sodini.
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A low power, wideband wireless transmitter utilizing [Delta]-[Sigma] direct digital modulation of an RF carrier is presented. The transmitter architecture replaces high dynamic range analog circuits with high speed digital circuits and a passive LC bandpass filter, saving power and area compared to conventional IQ modulators for wideband systems. A prototype transmitter IC built in 0.13 pm CMOS demonstrates a data rate of 1.2 Gb/s using OFDM modulation in a bandwidth of 200 MHz centered at 5.25 GHz. The modulator consumes 187 mW and occupies a die area of 0.72 mm2. A quadrature digital-IF approach eliminates modulator LO feedthrough and image spurs from the output spectrum without requiring analog circuitry or system calibration, simplifying the design of the transmitter. The largest modulator spur is measured to be -47 dBc. Measured SNDR over a 200 MHz bandwidth is 43 dB. Successful implementation of the [Delta]-[Sigma] RF modulator requires the design of a high-Q, tunable RF bandpass filter, and a low power, high speed digital [Delta]-[Sigma] modulator. A 4th order passive LC bandpass filter with center frequency of 5.25 GHz is designed and implemented using differential coupled resonators.(cont.) Variation of the filter response over process and temperature is removed through the design of an automatic self-tuning loop that calibrates the filter center frequency to the system LO. A 2.625 GS/s, 2nd order, 3-bit digital [Delta]-[Sigma] modulator is realized through the use of a pass-gate adder circuit optimized for low power and high speed. The digital modulator is software programmable to support multiple bandwidths, frequency channels, and modulation schemes. It can be used adaptively to transmit in selected channels with variable bit-rates, depending on channel conditions. It is envisioned that the [Delta]-[Sigma] digital-RF modulator can be used as a universal transmitter for wideband systems and applications that require high data rates and low power consumption.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, February 2007.Includes bibliographical references (p. 157-162).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.