Photonic integrated circuits for optical logic applications
Author(s)Williams, Ryan Daniel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Leslie A. Kolodziejski and Eugene A. Fitzgerald.
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The optical logic unit cell is the photonic analog to transistor-transistor logic in electronic devices. Active devices such as InP-based semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA) emitting at 1550 nm are vertically integrated with passive waveguides using the asymmetric twin waveguide technique and the SOAs are placed in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) configuration. By sending in high-intensity pulses, the gain characteristics, phase-shifting, and refractive indices of the SOA can be altered, creating constructive or deconstructive interference at the MZI output. Boolean logic and wavelength conversion can be achieved using this technique, building blocks for optical switching and signal regeneration. The fabrication of these devices is complex and the fabrication of two generations of devices is described in this thesis, including optimization of the mask design, photolithography, etching, and backside processing techniques. Testing and characterization of the active and passive components is also reported, confirming gain and emission at 1550 nm for the SOAs, as well as verifying evanescent coupling between the active and passive waveguides. In addition to the vertical integration of photonic waveguides, Esaki tunnel junctions are investigated for vertical electronic integration. Quantum dot formation and growth via molecular beam epitaxy is investigated for emission at the technologically important wavelength of 1310 nm. The effect of indium incorporation on tunnel junctions is investigated. The tunnel junctions are used to epitaxially link multiple quantum dot active regions in series and lasers are designed, fabricated, and tested.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2007.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Includes bibliographical references.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Materials Science and Engineering.