Air freight : the problems of airport restrictions : final report on the Conference of Air Cargo Industry Considerations of Airport Curfews
Author(s)Ausrotas, Raymond A.; Taneja, Nawal K.
United States. Federal Aviation Administration
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Flight Transportation Laboratory
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Noise due to aircraft was considered to be a potential problem as far back as 1952, when the Doolittle Commission established by President Truman urged that a major effort be made to reduce aircraft noise. With the 'advent of the jet age in the late 1950's and the concomitant spread of suburbs towards airports in major cities such as New York, Denver, and Minneapolis-St. Paul, many more people became exposed to noise, and concern and anger intensified. Although only a small percentage (estimated at about 2-3%) of the total population of the U.S. is affected by high noise levels, these people and their representatives have been quite vocal about their dissatisfaction with noise abatement progress, even though technological advances have reduced the noise emanating from aircraft engines. As a result, the airports, the communities, and the federal government are seeking additional measures that will further diminish the noise impact of aircraft and airport operations. The dilemma is to decrease noise with the minimum economic disruptions to commerce, the community, and the aviation industry. Since very few people like to travel during the night hours (approximately 10 p.m. - 7 a.m.), and indeed very few aircraft operations take place (less than 5% of total operations at most airports), an environmentally and politically appealing option to diminish the effect of aircraft noise is to ban airplane operations during nighttime hours. However, a disproportionate number of operations at night are dedicated to cargo (about 50% of scheduled domestic all-cargo flights), and it is upon the air cargo industry and those users dependent upon nighttime flights that the major burden of a curfew would fall. The benefits of curfews are apparent; the economic penalties associated with them are not. To address this issue, the Flight Transportation Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology hosted a week-long conference at Jupiter, Florida, in January, 1979, on the impact of airport use restrictions on air freight. This conference was sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. More than 70 participants, including some 50 panelists and speakers, represented various viewpoints of the air cargo industry: the users, the airlines, the airports, the communities, and various governmental agencies.
April 1979Conference held in Jupiter, Fla. in January 1979Includes bibliographical references (p. 36)
Cambridge, MA : Flight Transportation Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
FTL report (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Flight Transportation Laboratory) ; R79-1
Aeronautics, Commercial, Airport noise, Airports, Congresses, Freight, United States