11.422 Business Improvement Districts, Spring 2003
Author(s)Hoyt, Lorlene M.
Business Improvement Districts
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Focuses on the role of the business improvement district (BID) as a popular and contemporary tool for urban revitalization. Explores BID origins, theoretical underpinnings, enabling legislation, and organizational issues. Emphasizes BID service provision including advocacy, marketing, sanitation, streetscape improvement, security and transportation, while examining BID performance using such indicators as crime rates, vacancy rates, and retail sales. Considers BID organizations throughout North America as well as comparable schemes in Australia, Holland, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom.
urban property, authority, BID organizations, BID, political, economic, social and spatial fragmentation, urban realm, Urban renewal