Phonetic Classification Using Hierarchical, Feed-forward, Spectro-temporal Patch-based Architectures
Author(s)Rifkin, Ryan; Bouvrie, Jake; Schutte, Ken; Chikkerur, Sharat; Kouh, Minjoon; Ezzat, Tony; Poggio, Tomaso; ... Show more Show less
Center for Biological and Computational Learning (CBCL)
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A preliminary set of experiments are described in which a biologically-inspired computer vision system (Serre, Wolf et al. 2005; Serre 2006; Serre, Oliva et al. 2006; Serre, Wolf et al. 2006) designed for visual object recognition was applied to the task of phonetic classification. During learning, the systemprocessed 2-D wideband magnitude spectrograms directly as images, producing a set of 2-D spectrotemporal patch dictionaries at different spectro-temporal positions, orientations, scales, and of varying complexity. During testing, features were computed by comparing the stored patches with patches fromnovel spectrograms. Classification was performed using a regularized least squares classifier (Rifkin, Yeo et al. 2003; Rifkin, Schutte et al. 2007) trained on the features computed by the system. On a 20-class TIMIT vowel classification task, the model features achieved a best result of 58.74% error, compared to 48.57% error using state-of-the-art MFCC-based features trained using the same classifier. This suggests that hierarchical, feed-forward, spectro-temporal patch-based architectures may be useful for phoneticanalysis.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
phonetic classification, hierarchical models, regularized least-squares, spectrotemporal patches