Optimizing MapReduce for Multicore Architectures
Author(s)Kaashoek, Frans; Morris, Robert; Mao, Yandong
Parallel and Distributed Operating Systems
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MapReduce is a programming model for data-parallel programs originally intended for data centers. MapReduce simplifies parallel programming, hiding synchronization and task management. These properties make it a promising programming model for future processors with many cores, and existing MapReduce libraries such as Phoenix have demonstrated that applications written with MapReduce perform competitively with those written with Pthreads. This paper explores the design of the MapReduce data structures for grouping intermediate key/value pairs, which is often a performance bottleneck on multicore processors. The paper finds the best choice depends on workload characteristics, such as the number of keys used by the application, the degree of repetition of keys, etc. This paper also introduces a new MapReduce library, Metis, with a compromise data structure designed to perform well for most workloads. Experiments with the Phoenix benchmarks on a 16-core AMD-based servershow that Metisâ data structure performs better than simpler alternatives, including Phoenix.