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The next 50 years: A personal view

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dc.contributor.author Winston, Patrick H
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-13T18:57:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-13T18:57:45Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05
dc.date.submitted 2012-03
dc.identifier.issn 2212-683X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/108137
dc.description.abstract I review history, starting with Turing’s seminal paper, reaching back ultimately to when our species started to outperform other primates, searching for the questions that will help us develop a computational account of human intelligence. I answer that the right questions are: What’s different between us and the other primates and what’s the same. I answer the what’s different question by saying that we became symbolic in a way that enabled story understanding, directed perception, and easy communication, and other species did not. I argue against Turing’s reasoning-centered suggestions, offering that reasoning is just a special case of story understanding. I answer the what’s the same question by noting that our brains are largely engineered in the same exotic way, with information flowing in all directions at once. By way of example, I illustrate how these answers can influence a research program, describing the Genesis system, a system that works with short summaries of stories, provided in English, together with low-level common-sense rules and higher-level concept patterns, likewise expressed in English. Genesis answers questions, notes abstract concepts such as revenge, tells stories in a listener-aware way, and fills in story gaps using precedents. I conclude by suggesting, optimistically, that a genuine computational theory of human intelligence will emerge in the next 50 years if we stick to the right, biologically inspired questions, and work toward biologically informed models. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.isversionof http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bica.2012.03.002 en_US
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en_US
dc.source Prof. Patrick Winston en_US
dc.title The next 50 years: A personal view en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.citation Winston, Patrick Henry. “The Next 50 years: A Personal View.” Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures 1 (July 2012): 92–99. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science en_US
dc.contributor.approver Winston, Patrick H en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthor Winston, Patrick H
dc.relation.journal Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures en_US
dc.identifier.mitlicense PUBLISHER_CC en_US
dc.eprint.version Author's final manuscript en_US
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle en_US
eprint.status http://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed en_US
dspace.orderedauthors Winston, Patrick Henry en_US
dspace.embargo.terms N en_US
dc.identifier.orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9432-5417


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