The r-process Pattern of a Bright, Highly r -process-enhanced Metal-poor Halo Star at [Fe/H ] ~ -2
Author(s)Sakari, Charli M.; Placco, Vinicius M.; Hansen, Terese; Holmbeck, Erika M.; Beers, Timothy C.; Roederer, Ian U.; Venn, Kim A.; Wallerstein, George; Davis, Christopher Evan; Farrell, Elizabeth M.; Yong, David; Frebel, Anna L.; ... Show more Show less
MetadataShow full item record
All rights reserved.. A high-resolution spectroscopic analysis is presented for a new highly r-process-enhanced ([Eu/Fe] = 1.27, [Ba/Eu] = -0.65), very metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -2.09), retrograde halo star, RAVE J153830.9-180424, discovered as part of the R-Process Alliance survey. At V = 10.86, this is the brightest and most metal-rich r-II star known in the Milky Way halo. Its brightness enables high-S/N detections of a wide variety of chemical species that are mostly created by the r-process, including some infrequently detected lines from elements like Ru, Pd, Ag, Tm, Yb, Lu, Hf, and Th, with upper limits on Pb and U. This is the most complete r-process census in a very metal-poor r-II star. J1538-1804 shows no signs of s-process contamination, based on its low [Ba/Eu] and [Pb/Fe]. As with many other r-process-enhanced stars, J1538-1804's r-process pattern matches that of the Sun for elements between the first, second, and third peaks, and does not exhibit an actinide boost. Cosmo-chronometric age-dating reveals the r-process material to be quite old. This robust main r-process pattern is a necessary constraint for r-process formation scenarios (of particular interest in light of the recent neutron star merger, GW170817), and has important consequences for the origins of r-II stars. Additional r-I and r-II stars will be reported by the R-Process Alliance in the near future.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
The Astrophysical Journal
American Astronomical Society
Sakari, Charli M., Vinicius M. Placco, Terese Hansen, Erika M. Holmbeck, Timothy C. Beers, Anna Frebel, Ian U. Roederer, et al. “The r-Process Pattern of a Bright, Highly r-Process-Enhanced Metal-Poor Halo Star at [Fe/H] ∼ −2.” The Astrophysical Journal 854, no. 2 (February 14, 2018): L20.
Final published version