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The potential of solar-driven humidification-dehumidification desalination for small-scale decentralized water production

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Show simple item record Narayan, G. Prakash El Sharqawy, Mostafa Hamed Ahm Summers, Edward K. Lienhard, John H. Zubair, Syed M. Antar, Mohamed Abdelkerim 2010-03-16T18:52:52Z 2010-03-16T18:52:52Z 2009-12 2009-11
dc.description.abstract World-wide water scarcity, especially in the developing world, indicates a pressing need to develop inexpensive, decentralized small-scale desalination technologies which use renewable resources of energy. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the stateof- the-art in one of the most promising of these technologies, solar-driven humidification-dehumidification (HDH) desalination. Previous studies have investigated many different variations on the HDH cycle. In this paper, performance parameters which enable comparison of the various versions of the HDH cycle have been defined and evaluated. To better compare these cycles, each has been represented in psychometric coordinates. The principal components of the HDH system are also reviewed and compared, including the humidifier, solar heaters, and dehumidifiers. Particular attention is given to solar air heaters, for which design data is limited; and direct air heating is compared to direct water heating in the cycle assessments. Alternative processes based on the HDH concept are also reviewed and compared. Further, novel proposals for improvement of the HDH cycle are outlined. It is concluded that HDH technology has great promise for decentralized small-scale water production applications, although additional research and development is needed for improving system efficiency and reducing capital cost. en
dc.description.sponsorship King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals en
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.isversionof en
dc.rights Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.source John Lienhard en
dc.subject humidification en
dc.subject dehumidification en
dc.subject desalination en
dc.subject decentralized water production en
dc.subject solar power en
dc.subject small-scale water production en
dc.title The potential of solar-driven humidification-dehumidification desalination for small-scale decentralized water production en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.citation Narayan, G. Prakash et al. “The potential of solar-driven humidification-dehumidification desalination for small-scale decentralized water production.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14.4 (2010): 1187-1201. en
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering en_US
dc.contributor.approver Lienhard, John H.
dc.contributor.mitauthor Narayan, G. Prakash
dc.contributor.mitauthor El Sharqawy, Mostafa Hamed Ahm
dc.contributor.mitauthor Summers, Edward K.
dc.contributor.mitauthor Lienhard, John H.
dc.relation.journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (Online) en
dc.identifier.mitlicense OPEN_ACCESS_POLICY en
dc.eprint.version Author's final manuscript
dc.type.uri en
eprint.status en
dspace.orderedauthors Narayan, G. Prakash; Sharqawy, Mostafa H.; Summers, Edward K.; Lienhard, John H.; Zubair, Syed M.; Antar, M.A. en

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Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
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