Integrated Urban Sensing: A Geo-sensor Network for Public Health Monitoring and Beyond
Author(s)Resch, Bernd; Lipson, Sam; Bers, Josh; Ratti, Carlo; Mittlboeck, Manfred; Welsh, Matt; Blaschke, Thomas; Britter, Rex E; ... Show more Show less
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Pervasive environmental monitoring implies a wide range of technical, but also socio-political challenges, and this applies especially to the sensitive context of the city. In this paper, we elucidate issues for bringing out pervasive urban sensor networks and associated concerns relating to fine-grained information provision. We present the Common Scents project, which is based on the Live Geography approach, and show how it can overcome these challenges. As opposed to hitherto sensing networks, which are mostly built up in monolithic and closed systems, the Common Scents approach aims to establish an open, standards based and modular infrastructure. This ensures interoperability, portability and flexibility, which are crucial prerequisites for pervasive urban sensing. The implementation – a real-time data integration and analysis system for air quality assessment – has been realised on top of the CitySense sensor network in the City of Cambridge, MA US together with the city’s Public Health Department responding to concrete needs of the city and its inhabitants. The second pilot using mobile sensors mounted on bicycles has been deployed in Copenhagen, Denmark. Preliminary results show highly fine-grained variability of pollutant dispersion in urban environments.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Urban Studies and Planning; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. SENSEable City Laboratory; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Building Technology Program
Resch, Bernd et al. "Integrated Urban Sensing: A Geo-sensor Network for Public Health Monitoring and Beyond." Paper 268, pp.1-21.
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