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The Strong Story Hypothesis and the Directed Perception Hypothesis

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dc.contributor.author Winston, Patrick Henry
dc.date.accessioned 2011-12-15T17:54:06Z
dc.date.available 2011-12-15T17:54:06Z
dc.date.issued 2011-11
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/67693
dc.description.abstract I ask why humans are smarter than other primates, and I hypothesize that an important part of the answer lies in what I call the Strong Story Hypothesis, which holds that story telling and understanding have a central role in human intelligence. Next, I introduce another hypothesis, the Driven Perception Hypothesis, which holds that we derive much of our commonsense, including the commonsense required in story understanding, by deploying our perceptual apparatus on real and imagined events. Then, after discussing methodology, I describe the representations and methods embodied in the Genesis system, a story-understanding system that analyzes stories ranging from precis of Shakespeare's plots to descriptions of conflicts in cyberspace. The Genesis system works with short story summaries, provided in English, together with low-level commonsense rules and higher-level reflection patterns, likewise expressed in English. Using only a small collection of commonsense rules and reflection patterns, Genesis demonstrates several story-understanding capabilities, such as determining that both Macbeth and the 2007 Russia-Estonia Cyberwar involve revenge, even though neither the word revenge nor any of its synonyms are mentioned. Finally, I describe Rao's Visio-Spatial Reasoning System, a system that recognizes activities such as approaching, jumping, and giving, and answers commonsense questions posed by Genesis. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science Foundation (U.S.) (IIS-0413206) en_US
dc.description.sponsorship United States. Office of Naval Research (N00014-09-1-0597) en_US
dc.description.sponsorship United States. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (A9550-05-1-0321) en_US
dc.description.sponsorship United States. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (FA8750-10-1-0076) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence en_US
dc.relation.isversionof http://www.aaai.org/ocs/index.php/FSS/FSS11/paper/view/4125/4534 en_US
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ en_US
dc.source Prof. Patrick H. Winston en_US
dc.title The Strong Story Hypothesis and the Directed Perception Hypothesis en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.citation Winston, Patrick. "The Strong Story Hypothesis and the Directed Perception Hypothesis" AAAI Fall Symposium Series (2011): n. pag. Web. 15 Dec. 2011 © 2011 Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science en_US
dc.contributor.approver Winston, Patrick Henry
dc.contributor.mitauthor Winston, Patrick Henry
dc.relation.journal Proceedings of the AAAI Fall Symposium on Advances in Cognitive Systems en_US
dc.identifier.mitlicense OPEN_ACCESS_POLICY en_US
dc.eprint.version Author's final manuscript en_US
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle en_US
eprint.status http://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed en_US
dspace.orderedauthors Winston, Patrick Henry en_US
dc.identifier.orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9432-5417


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