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Legacy Effects in Material Flux: Structural Catchment Changes Predate Long-Term Studies

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dc.contributor.author Bain, Daniel J.
dc.contributor.author Green, Mark B.
dc.contributor.author Campbell, John L.
dc.contributor.author Chamblee, John F.
dc.contributor.author Chaoka, Sayo
dc.contributor.author Fraterrigo, Jennifer M.
dc.contributor.author Kaushal, Sujay S.
dc.contributor.author Martin, Sherry L.
dc.contributor.author Jordan, Thomas E.
dc.contributor.author Parolari, Anthony J.
dc.contributor.author Sobczak, William V.
dc.contributor.author Weller, Donald E.
dc.contributor.author Wollheim, Wilfred M.
dc.contributor.author Boose, Emery R.
dc.contributor.author Duncan, Jonathan M.
dc.contributor.author Gettel, Gretchen M.
dc.contributor.author Hall, Brian R.
dc.contributor.author Kumar, Praveen
dc.contributor.author Thompson, Jonathan R.
dc.contributor.author Vose, James M.
dc.contributor.author Elliott, Emily M.
dc.contributor.author Leigh, David S.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-12-03T15:12:41Z
dc.date.available 2012-12-03T15:12:41Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3568
dc.identifier.issn 1525-3244
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/75130
dc.description.abstract Legacy effects of past land use and disturbance are increasingly recognized, yet consistent definitions of and criteria for defining them do not exist. To address this gap in biological- and ecosystem-assessment frameworks, we propose a general metric for evaluating potential legacy effects, which are computed by normalizing altered system function persistence with duration of disturbance. We also propose two distinct legacy-effect categories: signal effects from lags in transport and structural effects from physical landscape changes. Using flux records for water, sediment, nitrogen, and carbon from long-term study sites in the eastern United States from 1500 to 2000, we identify gaps in our understanding of legacy effects and reveal that changes in basin sediment dynamics precede instrumented records. These sediment dynamics are not generally incorporated into interpretations of contemporary records, although their potential legacy effects are substantial. The identification of legacy effects may prove to be a fundamental component of landscape management and effective conservation and restoration practice. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science Foundation (U.S.) (Cooperative Agreement DEB-0236154) en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science Foundation (U.S.). Long-Term Ecological Research Network (Grant NSF-OCE-0423565) en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher University of California Press en_US
dc.relation.isversionof http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.6.8 en_US
dc.rights Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. en_US
dc.source University of California Press en_US
dc.title Legacy Effects in Material Flux: Structural Catchment Changes Predate Long-Term Studies en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.citation Bain, Daniel J., et al. “Legacy Effects in Material Flux: Structural Catchment Changes Predate Long-Term Studies.” BioScience 62.6 (2012): 575–584. © 2012 University of California Press and American Institute of Biological Sciences en_US
dc.contributor.department Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering en_US
dc.contributor.mitauthor Parolari, Anthony J.
dc.relation.journal BioScience en_US
dc.identifier.mitlicense PUBLISHER_POLICY en_US
dc.eprint.version Final published version en_US
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle en_US
eprint.status http://purl.org/eprint/status/PeerReviewed en_US


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