Continuum Modeling of Secondary Rheology in Dense Granular Materials
Author(s)Henann, David Lee; Kamrin, Kenneth N.
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Recent dense granular flow experiments have shown that shear deformation in one region of a granular medium fluidizes its entirety, including regions far from the sheared zone, effectively erasing the yield condition everywhere. This enables slow creep deformation to occur when an external force is applied to a probe in the nominally static regions of the material. The apparent change in rheology induced by far-away motion is termed the “secondary rheology,” and a theoretical rationalization of this phenomenon is needed. Recently, a new nonlocal granular rheology was successfully used to predict steady granular flow fields, including grain-size-dependent shear-band widths in a wide variety of flow configurations. We show that the nonlocal fluidity model is also capable of capturing secondary rheology. Specifically, we explore creep of a circular intruder in a two-dimensional annular Couette cell and show that the model captures all salient features observed in experiments, including both the rate-independent nature of creep for sufficiently slow driving rates and the faster-than-linear increase in the creep speed with the force applied to the intruder.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
Henann, David L., and Ken Kamrin. “Continuum Modeling of Secondary Rheology in Dense Granular Materials.” Physical Review Letters 113, no. 17 (October 2014). © 2014 American Physical Society
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