Creating and probing electron whispering-gallery modes in graphene
Author(s)Zhao, Y.; Wyrick, J.; Natterer, F. D.; Lewandowski, C.; Watanabe, K.; Taniguchi, T.; Zhitenev, N. B.; Stroscio, J. A.; Rodriguez Nieva, Joaquin Fran; Levitov, Leonid; ... Show more Show less
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The design of high-finesse resonant cavities for electronic waves faces challenges due to short electron coherence lengths in solids. Complementing previous approaches to confine electronic waves by carefully positioned adatoms at clean metallic surfaces, we demonstrate an approach inspired by the peculiar acoustic phenomena in whispering galleries. Taking advantage of graphene’s gate-tunable light-like carriers, we create whispering-gallery mode (WGM) resonators defined by circular pn junctions, induced by a scanning tunneling probe. We can tune the resonator size and the carrier concentration under the probe in a back-gated graphene device over a wide range. The WGM-type confinement and associated resonances are a new addition to the quantum electron-optics toolbox, paving the way to develop electronic lenses and resonators.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Zhao, Y., J. Wyrick, F. D. Natterer, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, C. Lewandowski, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. S. Levitov, N. B. Zhitenev, and J. A. Stroscio. “Creating and Probing Electron Whispering-Gallery Modes in Graphene.” Science 348, no. 6235 (May 7, 2015): 672–675.
Author's final manuscript